Final Reports


AH05007 - Horticulture Commercialisation Casebook

31 March 2015
One of the most common questions put to me as HAL’s Intellectual Property and Commercialisation Manager is
‘How have other industries gone about commercialising new varieties in the past?’
Coming from a patent driven biotechnology background, I found this a difficult question to answer. And so the Horticulture Commercialisation Casebook was conceived.
In the Casebook, we have attempted to document a range of commercialisation models and lessons from a diverse set of horticulture products, with the intention of better informing debates and decisions on how to commercialise new varieties emerging from horticultural breeding programs.


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AH06104 - Review of project AH04009 "coordination of minor use permits for horticulture"

31 March 2015
HAL supported a minor use project in 1999 for the vegetable industry with Ausveg and Crop Protection Approvals, but this ran into difficulties. In 2004 the Pesticide Minor-Use Coordinator (PMUC) project was established to continue, but broaden, the project across all horticultural crops. This project has been operating for three years with Peter dal Santo in the role as PMUC. A new proposal has been submitted to HAL for a continuation of the PMUC project. Whenever major, long-term projects like PMUC are due for renewal, the IMC of HAL often requests a review of the project before approving an extension. Scholefield Robinson Horticultural Services was engaged to review the PMUC project and Peter Scholefield and Alison MacGregor were assigned to the review.
The APVMA issues permits for emergency use, minor uses (minor crops, or minor uses in major crops) and for research purposes. Sometimes the permit approval process is to approve/legitimise a use that has been happening anyway, especially by smaller industries. The PMUC, HAL and its committees, industry bodies, companies conducting trials to determine residue levels, and APVMA all have important roles in the minor use permit process.


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AH06100 - Horticulture Data Audit

31 March 2015

The critical outcome from the project is the development of a straight forward, easily implemented and transparent strategy to develop recommendations for collating identified industry data and information needs and, importantly, highlighting the benefits of collating this information for industry. This information audit will form the first stage in the development of a detailed data storage and analysis database to inform industry and to estimate the GVP of horticulture.

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AH06004 - Horticulture code of Conduct - Industry Support Package

31 March 2015

As the result of the introduction of the Horticulture Code of Conduct on May 14, 2007, Horticulture Australia council (HAC) and National Farmers' Federation (NFF) arranged a series of industry meetings so that the ACCC could present information to industry in regard to the Horticulture Code of Conduct.

Over forty industry meetings were organised in all the States and the Northern Territory during march and May 2007. This was done in conjunction with HAC and NFF's members.




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AH07017 - Codex Committee on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables participation

31 March 2015

The Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) is the international food standards setting body recognised under the World Trade Organisation Agreements on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) as being the reference point for food standards applied in international trade. Its objectives are protecting the health of consumers and ensuring fair practices in food trade (http://www.daff.gov.au/agriculture-food/codex).

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AH07031 - Per-urban horticulture and land use planning: Literature Review & 'Tool-kit'

31 March 2015

Land use planning and its impacts on horticulture in Australia have for many years been identified by farming organisations around Australia as being in the ‘top 5’ policy issues facing the sector. The issue is important to many intensive agricultural industries and has been on the government planning ‘radar’ as a result of the increasing incidence of land use conflict in peri-urban areas as competition for finite land and water resources continues to intensify over time.

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AH06012 - Evaluation Strategies for varieties derived from Australian breeding projects or imported varieties

31 March 2015

A workshop was held by Horticulture Australia limited (HAL) on the 5th of March 2008 to: (i) explore opportunities for developing best practice evaluation methodologies and supporting systems across horticulture and (ii) identify opportunities to progress to the next phase. Attendees included researchers and commercial operators involved in horticultural variety evaluation and genetic improvement programs, and experts from relevant disciplines in other crops. The facilitator was Dr Andrzej Kilian.

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AH08011 - A baseline survey of knowledge, attitudes, approaches and aspirations regarding contamination management

31 March 2015

The main objective of this study was to develop a body of quantitative knowledge about stakeholder and government agency attitudes, approaches and sought goals regarding physical, microbial and chemical contamination of fresh and processed horticultural products. Specifically, the project aims to quantify stakeholder and government agency understanding of contaminant issues.

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AH04007 - Pesticide Regulation Coordinator

31 March 2015

Dealing with regulation is an ongoing issue for Australian horticulture. From a farm chemicals perspective industries are grappling with such matters as gaining and maintaining access to suitable pest management options, e.g., chemical reviews and increasing data requirements, manufacturer lack of interest, resistance, increasing interest in integrated pest management compatible chemicals, and ensuring compliance in export markets due to differing standards potentially impacting on trade. In order to more efficiently deal with the variety of demands posed by these challenges industry has had to be more proactive in identify emerging issues and seeking to develop appropriate responses.

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AH09026 - Productivity Commission Study on Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements

31 March 2015

Horticulture is a major Australian agricultural industry which has a GVP of approximately A$7.8 billion and covers produce including fruit (but excluding wine grapes), nuts, vegetables and nursery. Horticultural exports, in this submission defined as both primary and processed produce, of interest to the industry and is expected to be a major contributor to the industry’s future. The OHMA is pleased to provide this submission to the Productivity Commission on the topic of Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements. OHMA is a skills-based committee with an independent industry chair, which provides market access advice to horticulture stakeholders and formulates horticulture industry positions on key market access topics. It was established in 2009 to address market access issues and build upon the work of its predecessor, the Horticultural Market Access Committee (HMAC).

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AH06014 - Codex Attendance 06/07

31 March 2015

Codex standards are used as global benchmarks. Although Australia (and New Zealand and Chile) do not have domestically enforced quality standards, the other 39 countries around the Codex Committee on Fresh Fruit and Vegetables (CCFFV) table do. Many of these countries are our trading partners and others are developing countries with which Australia has social support programs through AUSAID and they base their standards for imports in part or in full on Codex. Australia thus has a vested interest in participation in the CCFFV in order to influence outcomes that best reflect the wishes of the Australian industry and government.

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MT07029 - Managing Pesticide Access in

31 March 2015

This project was funded by Horticulture Australia Ltd to coordinate and consolidate the minor-use permit for all of horticulture. The project involved liaising with horticultural industry bodies, researchers and advisors to determine their pesticide requirements and coordinate any data that needed to be generated to ensure maximum efficiency. Residue data generation was contracted with qualified field researchers and analytical laboratories to ensure that they completed the designated task allotted to them with respect to data generation. Minor-use permit applications were written and submitted to the Australian Pesticides & Veterinary Medicines Authority for permit approval. Many industries conducted pest management analyses using SARP. This report summarises the processes undertaken with industry and the applications submitted in the project.

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AH09029 - Horticulture Balanced Scorecard - Economic Assessment

31 March 2015

Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL) commissioned Access Economics to undertake research to produce a Balanced Scorecard that compares the performance of the Australian horticultural industry against other agricultural industries across a range of economic, environmental and social parameters.

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AH09009 - Food Security Discussion Paper

31 March 2015
Growcom’s review of food security issues for HAL identified a diverse range of threats that may impact on Australia’s domestic food security and will have important consequences for the $7.3bn per year horticulture industry.
The report found that Australia is not as food secure as suggested by simplistic examinations of the relevant data. Australia already imports 34 per cent of fruit consumed and 19 per cent of vegetables. The report found that these imports could disappear as the world population heads for 9 billion people by 2050 and countries retain their production for their own people.


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AV11024 - Avocado Chef Training Classes In Export Markets

31 March 2015

Following on from the success of the industry’s food service strategy in the domestic market, the aim now is to replicate this program in potential export markets such as Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia to further develop these markets. A series of ‘Australian Avocados ‘ Masterclass for Foodservice chefs and purchasers were carried out in the three markets to better educate the food service industry about Australian avocado versatility, seasons, types, handling and purchasing. Food service purchasers/importers from potential establishments were also invited to support and attend the masterclasses as they are influential when it comes to sourcing products for chefs.

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AH09003 - Plant protection: Regulatory support and Coordination

31 March 2015

Global competitiveness and long-term viability have been identified as horticulture industry priorities. From a crop protection perspective to achieve these outcomes horticultural industries will need to not only have access to a broader suite of effective tools but also information on their application to ensure their use does not adversely affect compliance with specific market requirements. From that perspective Project AH09003 has sought to focus on three broad areas; a) Plant protection product access, b) Compliance with international and domestic standards and c) Regulatory engagement.

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NY12015 - Developing water efficiency in the horticultural market - identifying best practice and leveraging marketing advantage

27 March 2015
This project sets out to improve water efficiency in the horticultural sector through the identification
and promotion of industry best practice and water saving technologies.
In his 2013 World Water Day address Ban Ki-Moon identified the water/food/energy nexus as a key global issue and endorsed better use of water in food production, promoting ‘more crop per drop’.
With increasing costs for water and energy, making the best use of water remains an important issue for the horticulture industry Smart Approved WaterMark is Australia’s water conservation label and is a key demand management tool certifying water efficient products and services and promoting ways to get the best value from water.


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NY13028 - Benchmarking Australia’s Urban Tree Canopy: An i-Tree assessment

27 March 2015

This report aims to provide 139 Local Governments in urban and semi urban environments across Australia with an estimate of land surface cover. This study is part of the 202020 Vision, in working towards a 20% increase in the level of green space in Local Government Areas (LGAs) across the country. This report is the first step in strengthening an understanding of the composition of land cover and how urban greening strategies can be maximised in urban areas of Australia.

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NY11006 - Nursery Industry Investment Consultation and Prioritisation 2011-2014

27 March 2015
The Nursery and Garden Industry Strategic Investment plan details improved communications as a critical aspect to ensure adoption of outcomes from the levy funded research program.
As part of the communications, industry has regular consultation meetings with industry associations who represent growers and also are service providers for some of the extension and communication projects. In 2013 - 2014 they are also involved with the delivery of the Industry Marketing program, 202020Vision.


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AH13032 - Response to Support Horticulture Member Submissions to the Agricultural Competitiveness White Paper

05 June 2014

The Australian Federal Government has sought submissions into the development of aWhite Paper on Agricultural Competitiveness in Australia (the White Paper) with a viewto providing guidance into enhancing farming profitability, strengthening rural andregional communities and economies, and insights into the adequacy of droughtpreparedness and Government’s response measures.

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AH13025 - Research to Support HAL Member Input to the HAL Review

25 March 2014

As part of its three-yearly statutory funding arrangement with the Federal Government,Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL) has announced a review of its performance.The scope of HAL’s performance review covers a review of past performance in thecontext of the current model, investigation of specific matters (e.g. potential structuraldeficiencies in the current model; efficiency of levy structures for the horticulture sector,future HAL service delivery model/s and future horticulture levy system/s.Arche Consulting was commissioned by HAL to conduct research to support member inputinto the HAL Review (Project AH 13025).The purpose of the project was to gather, analyse and compile information from HAL’smembership that may be relevant to the comprehensive review and to support subsequentmember submissions and input.

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AH11033 - Horticulture Risk Survey

25 March 2014

Horticulture Australia Ltd commissioned a project to ascertain the status in 2012 of spraydrift issues as they relate to its diverse crops. This project involved Dr Hewitt and other stafffrom The University of Queensland surveying attitudes, training and incidents relating to realor perceived spray drift as well as associated training, risk assessment and drift management.The significance of this for the industry is that it helps set a baseline for spraying in 2012against which future activities related to spray application technology and drift managementcan be compared. It also puts spray drift into perspective by different factors such as croptype, region, local conditions and spraying practices. It helps define issues that could improvetraining and helps assess whether risk assessment modeling is appropriate.

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AH09014 - Climate research, development and extension needs for the Australian horticulture industry

26 February 2014

A priority activity of Horticulture Australia Limited’s Across-Industry Climate Program  is to develop a Climate Change Position and Planning Paper for the horticulture specific research, development and extension (RD&E) needs across the industry, and by suggesting strategies that will encourage more industry bodies to consider climate RD&E needs within investment plans.

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NY12702 - Nursery Industry Regional Technical Conferences

15 January 2014

The Nursery and Garden Industry has identified that there is a requirement for Regional Conferences to be held to enable a greater exposure to industry programs and issues facing the industry. During 2013 Conferences were held in Queensland, Victoria, New South Wales and Western Australia. Each State.

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NY10028 - Extending Industry Accreditation for the Landscape Industry

30 October 2013

The unregulated nature of some segments of the Landscape Construction Industry in Australia can create issues resulting from poor work quality and low work standards. These issues generally arise when work is undertaken by largely unskilled and unqualified operators. Relatively low start-up costs to gain entry to the industry enables fly by nighters the opportunity to undercut qualified contractors and bring a bad name to the industry as a whole through their poor work practices and lack of accountability.

Industry accreditation and certification sees the landscape industry self- regulate and set base skill levels for contractors and management procedures and processes for business operators. These industry designed certifications give consumers, body corporates and government the ability to identify and engage quality contractors resulting in better outcomes all round.

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NY11002 - Understanding the carbon and pollution mitigation potential of Australia's urban forest

23 October 2013

The urban forest holds a particular role in the Australian urban landscape. A mixture of remnant, native and exotic trees, it is managed by a variety of government and private actors, existing at once as an expenditure for local authorities while providing a range of unquantified benefits such as habitats for wildlife, air pollution removal and flood prevention. Despite its prominence as an identifier for an urban area or as the backdrop in the lives of urban residents, the urban forest continues to be undervalued as part of the policy process. In response to a renewed need to appraise the benefits of the urban forest in the face of climate change, the aim of this project was to contribute to the development of tools that help value the urban forest, while seeking an understanding of the feelings of residents towards urban trees.

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NY12001 - Nursery Industry Environmental and Technical Research and Extension 2012/2013

02 October 2013

Nursery Industry Environmental and Technical Research and Extension 2012/2013 provided the Australian nursery industry with the capacity to address several environmental and technical research and development issues that were aligned to the Nursery Industry Strategic Investment Plan 2012–2016. Each issue was developed through consultation with whole of industry which involved all State/Territory Associations, an industry needs assessment process and industry technical committees.

The national Environment Committee funded through this project met twice on 8 November 2012 and 6‐7 June 2013 and provided technical input and strategic direction into this project as well as input on future research, development and extension opportunities for the Australian nursery industry.

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NY12701 - NGIV/IPPS Conference Melbourne 2013

21 August 2013

The 2013 My Business My Passion conference was the first ever joint conference between the Nursery and Garden Industry Victoria and the International Plant Propagators Society. The NGIV was celebrating its 110th year and IPPS 40th year anniversaries at the event.

Specialist Technical Streams were delivered for IPPS delegates and Business Streams delivered for NGIV delegates. However many topics were equally relevant to both groups and delegates freely moved between the streams.

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NY12002 - Building Industry Capacity through the Nursery Production Farm Management System 2012/2013

31 July 2013

Building Industry Capacity through the Nursery Production Farm Management System (NPFMS) 2012/2013 aimed to drive greater engagement, recognition and adoption of the NPFMS across the production sector of the Australian nursery industry. The NPFMS includes three key programs: Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme, Australia (NIASA), EcoHort (Environmental Management System for the Australian production nursery industry) and BioSecure HACCP (on-farm biosecurity system for the Australian production nursery industry).

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NY11013 - Greening City - Mitigate Heat Stress with Urban Vegetation

31 July 2013

Extreme environmental temperatures can have serious health impacts. The January 2009 heat wave in Melbourne is estimated to have claimed 374 excess deaths over what would normally have been expected for that period. This research is one of the first attempts to develop quantitative estimates of the potential benefit of urban vegetation in reducing heat related mortality. It was undertaken by a research team from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) working closely with the Nursery & Garden Industry Australia (NGIA). The research involved modelling of vegetation and mortality relationships for present climate and projected future climates in 2030 and 2050 for Melbourne, Brisbane and Parramatta NSW. The team found some differences among the results for the present and future years in different cities, but the overall trend was that urban vegetation can potentially reduce excess heat related mortality. Urban vegetation is recommended to be an important strategy for heat wave mitigation and for climate adaptation.

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NY12007 - Identification and evaluation of water conservation products and technologies for the Australian horticultural market

18 June 2013

Smart Approved WaterMark is Australia’s water conservation label promoting products and services that help get the best use of, and value from, water.

HAL funding was utilised in 2011/12 to start the expansion of Smart WaterMark water efficiency accreditation to cover commercial products and services in the non residential sector, specifically across the irrigation, turf and nursery industries. The NY12007 project builds on this activity: updating and disseminating baseline water efficiency research and industry guidelines, and identifying and certifying water efficient technologies and practices for the Australian horticultural market.

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NY10001 - Management of Technical, Research and Environmental projects for the Nursery Industry 2010-2013

18 June 2013

Management of Technical, Research and Environmental Projects for the Nursery Industry 2010-2013 provided funding for the NGIA National Environmental & Technical Policy Manager (NETPM) Dr. Anthony Kachenko.

The NETPM ensured that the Australian nursery and garden industry had a mechanism in place to address key environmental and technical issues that impacted on its growth and sustainable development during the life of the project. This project was aligned with the Nursery Industry 2010–2015 Strategic Plan and the Nursery & Garden Industry Strategic Investment Plan 2012-2016 to ensure the Australian nursery and garden industry had the capacity to respond to challenges and identify growth opportunities.

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NY09023 - Gaining a better understanding of ornamental eucalypts

18 June 2013

This 2010-2013 project sought to provide new information on the reproductive biology and propagation systems of Australia’s iconic eucalypts. The progress made through this project has been significant in all areas of research undertaken and the additions to the current body of knowledge are numerous.

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AH11039 - Horticulture Leaders - Across Horticulture Leadership Training

21 March 2013

The long term viability of the Australian horticulture industry is partially dependent on the availability of quality leaders at both industry and private business levels. Many industries are unable to fund a specific program to develop their leaders, so in 2012 Horticulture Australia Limited funded an Across Industry Leadership Training Project that was given the working title “Horticulture – the Next Generation”.

The purpose of the program was to improve the business and leadership skills of horticulture managers to give them the tools to take a larger role in the future growth and development of their industries.

 

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NY10010 - Nursery Industry (NGIA) Communications

28 February 2013

The broad aim of the proposal was to enhance levy payers’ ability to remain current withindustry developments, marketing activities and technical issues. Adoption of technology isimperative to the continued development of the nursery industry. NGIA has a target that1500 nursery levy payers will have the ability to access and read at least 4 copies of anindustry publication during the year. Industry surveyed levy payers during the developmentof an Industry Needs Assessment and identified that key areas of information seekingutilised the web as well as industry publications.

The key aspects required are:
· Information quality and relevance
· Timeliness of information
· Ease of implementation

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AH11005 - Horticulture Environmental Desk Audit

12 December 2012

 

The primary aim of this environmental investment audit was to provide a review of all research, development and extension (RD&E) projects with a predominant focus on environmental management funded by Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL) between 1 July 2005 and 30 November 2011. The audit was commissioned in order to document the level of investment in environmentally focussed RD&E for the seven year period. It will highlight the environmental management issues of greatest concern to the horticultural industry and identify gaps and future priorities in the environmental RD&E portfolio.

 

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NY10500 - Nursery Industry Consumer PR Project 2010-2011

16 November 2012

Consumer Public Relations was a critical part of the Nursery & Garden Industry marketing campaign during 2010 – 2011. While the basis of the campaign was directed towards Facebook and social media, PR was utilised to inform key media and to drive the messages in traditional avenues.

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AH11006 - Carbon Amelioration in Horticulture

16 November 2012

Biochar is a new, high-carbon soil amendment that has shown promise in improving soil properties and increasing yields in crops around the world. Biochar is created by heating organic biomass, such as chipped tree prunings, garden waste, chicken manure, rice husks and other agricultural by-products at high temperatures and with no oxygen. Preliminary research into biochar application to soil has found improvements to soil structure, fertiliser and water efficiency. Biochar increases soil carbon immediately after addition, and studies have estimated that biochar will remain in soil for hundreds of years.

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NY09010 - Industry Development Officer Network for the Nursery Industry

16 November 2012

The Nursery Industry Development Officer (IDO) Network was a key recommendation of the Industry Development Needs Assessment undertaken in 2008-9. The project has built on prior investment in industry extension activities, with improved reporting and monitoring of activities. The State Nursery & Garden Associations are subcontracted to Nursery & Garden Industry Australia (NGIA) to deliver industry development activities, which overcomes the issues of industry diversity and rationality.

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NY11010 - Industry Insights and PR

08 November 2012

The Nursery & Garden Industry undertook an innovative marketing campaign in 2011 based on the umbrella theme of “Improve Your Plant Life Balance” When a review of this project was undertaken the industry consultation group recommended that there needs to be greater focus on selling the program and key objectives of greening the urban environment to the industry and associated media via PR rather than consumer focussed events. It was identified by industry that the message needed to be conveyed to key influencers who are specifying the space allocated to green space in the urban environment.

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NYN8047 - an Analysis of Hazardous Plants in the Australian Nursery Industry

12 October 2012

There are some existing official national policies on hazardous plants. The details and type of policies differ.  They have varying relevance for the Australian nursery industry.  
The identified hazardous plants taxa that cause concern in each of Australia, UK & USA are broadly similar but there are some different plants in each country, reflecting local natural species and species grown due to climate differences.
The research shows that these is a very small number of plant taxa that are known to cause genuine health problems in Australia. 

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NY11021 - Nursery Industry Strategic Investment Plan (SIP)

04 October 2012

The Australian Nursery industry plays a critical role in providing products that contribute to Australia’s lifestyle and wellbeing.

The industry is diverse in production outcome and locality and as a result has skills and business processes that are world’s best practice in both technology development, and utilisation of resources, both human and natural.

The industry has reached this position as a result of investment over time by individuals and businesses through their own resources or as part of the funds provided by the nursery industry levy which have been matched by funds from the Australian federal Government.

This plan provides a structured guideline for investment over the next four years and has been developed in consultation with leading growers and levy payers from around Australia.

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NY630 - IPPS Conference Wollongong 1997

30 August 2012

The Australian region of IPPS holds it's annual conference in a different state each year. the Society's 25th conference was held at Wollongong from 24th - 27th April 1997.

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NY11009 - Improvement and development of the Nursery Production Farm Management System (NPFMS) 11/12

29 August 2012

Project NY11009 - Improvement and Development of the Nursery Production Farm Management System(Nursery Production FMS) 11/12 consist of several sub projects that aim to drive greater recognition of theNursery Production FMS as well as increase the adoption of Nursery Production FMS across the productionsector of the Australian nursery industry. The Nursery Production FMS includes the Nursery IndustryAccreditation Scheme, Australia (NIASA), EcoHort (Environmental Management System for the Australianproduction nursery industry) and BioSecure HACCP (On-farm biosecurity system for the Australianproduction nursery industry) programs.

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NY327 - Nursery Industry Trolley Survey

28 August 2012

Towards the end of 1993, NIAA (in conjunction with a major Australian hire company) formulated and dispatched a questionnaire seeking information on the interest of industry in adopting a national standard nursery trolley system.

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NY324 - Propagating tulip bulbs for export markets

28 August 2012

A potential export market for Tasmanian bulbs occurs in the Northern Hemisphere during October-November when flowers are being forced from iced bulbs. The market occurs primarily in The Netherlands, France, German, UK, USA and Japan. The total iced bulb market in which Tasmanian bulks must compete is estimated to be approximately 100 million bulbs/annum in size. The niche is possible due to the superior quality of a fresh bulb (compared with iced) and the inability of the Northern Hemisphere to supply fresh bulbs for this time slot.

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NY314 - Analysis of potting media

28 August 2012

From necessity, Europeans are leading the way in the adoption of technologies that are greatly reducing, and ultimately eliminating, water-borne nutrient exit nurseries. use of 'bottom-up' irrigation is widespread; technologies for eliminating pathogens from recirculating irrigation water, monitoring of water movement in soils and the use of reed beds for removing nitrate from effluent waters are just some of the technologies that will need to be increasingly used in Australia over the next decade.

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NY312 - Nursery Irrigation, Drainage

28 August 2012

The nursery industry in Australia, which is valued at $2.5 billion, depends extensively on irrigation at both the production and retail level. If not managed effectively irrigation water can cause runoff, which may contain undesirable levels of nutrients and pesticides. If uncontrolled, this runoff can have adverse effects on the surrounding environment. To prevent these adverse effects from irrigating containerised nursery plants requires a thorough understanding of irrigation and drainage techniques, and acceptable methods of reuse or disposal of runoff water.

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NY120 - Biological control of damping-off diseases in bedding plants

28 August 2012

Summary-Fifteen isolates of bacteria, from potting media collected from South Australian plant nurseries and potting mix suppliers, were screened for ability to control damping-off disease caused by Pythium ultimum var. sporangiiferum. The screening was by two bioassays on seedlings of papsicum annuum grown in a pasteurized potting medium in a glasshouse or controlled environment growth chamber. Ten isolates reduced damping-off and increased shoot weights, at least as well as the fungicide propamocarb, in both experiments. Eight isolates also reduced damping-off in seedlings of Celosia argentea in another glasshouse experiment, and all 14 isolates tested increased shoot weights, but propamocarb had no significant effect on damping-off or shoot weight. In another glasshouse experiment, four bacterial isolates were applied at five different doses to pasteurized potting medium with or without P. u.

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NY224 - Assessment of the potential for management of mycorrhizas in horticulture

28 August 2012

The aim of the symposium was to provide a definitive assessment of the potential for practical and economic field assessment of mycorrhizas. The approach was to invite leading international scientists to review the state of knowledge and to identify areas where further research is required. Additionally, there were a large number of invited and contributed posters. Scientists from 28 countries attended the meeting; 110 of the 180 participants were from Australia.

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NY10012 - Consultation and Management of Nursery Industry Projects Managed at Regional Level

28 August 2012

This consultation project developed out of the need for greater clarity and transparency forwhat was covered under “Industry Consultation”The Australian Nursery Industry is very diverse and located in all States and Territories. The development of projects that meet levy payer and industry stakeholder needs as identifiedin the Industry Needs Assessment require program delivery and management at a regional level. This is undertaken by having the various State Associations enter into “sub contracts”with the Peak Industry body, NGIA, to deliver and manage the programs that have been contracted with HAL.

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NY04023 - Show Me The Money Consumer Monitor

28 August 2012

'Show Me The Money' focuses upon the reported behaviour and attitudes of key segments within the consumer gardening target market. It tracks trends and changes impacting the Nursery and Gardening Industry as a result of gardeners' attitudes towards gardening, their responsiveness to media, promotional activities and other industry initiatives, as well as their shopping patterns.

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NY01025 - Registration of Chemical Control for Red Imported Fire Ants

28 August 2012

The project required the regular monitoring of the controlled release formulation SuSCon Green, containing the active ingredient chlorpyrifos, in nursery production growing media for efficacy against Red Imported fir Ant (RIFA) over a minimum 12 month period. Regular monthly sampling occurred to determine the release of chlorpyrifos at a rate that killed RIFA for the entire monitored time. The project was conducted at the Queensland Department of Primary Industries & Fisheries (DPI&F) Redlands Research Station.

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NY00041 - Queensland Association of Landscape Industries

28 August 2012

Throughout Queensland the landscape industry has grown as a result of lifestyle trends, television programs, increased population growth and employment opportunities. Being a significant player in the supply-demand chain of the Lifestyle Horticulture industry it is important to maintain a professional standing. Regretfully many unqualified individuals starting up landscape businesses have lowered this perception. To address this issue, the Queensland Association of Landscape Industries Inc (QALI) created an industry specific certification scheme.

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NY626/NY98020 - Publication of the Nursery Papers

27 August 2012

The Nursery paper project is continuing well, without any major problems. All publication deadlines have been met and positive responses received from a variety of editions.

A change in production processes, however, has caused some difficult. The Nursery & Garden Industry Australia(NGIA) has made an all encompassing agreement with Rural Press for printing arrangements of the Australian Nursery Manager (ANM), the Trade Register and The Nursery Papers (TNP's).

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NY97050 - Safety in the Garden brochure

27 August 2012

Brochure produced for the consumer.

Are Soils hazardous? How can I get ill? Who is at risk? How can I keep my family safe? Hazardous plants - how does my family live with them safely? Garden chemicals and sprays - is there a safe way to use them? Where can I get more information.

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NY96015 - Part 1 - Detection and characterisation of orchid fleck virus

27 August 2012

The main objective of this project was to develop a nucleic acid based diagnostic system for orchid flect virus (OFV). OFV is one of three commonly found viruses infecting orchids. Diagnosis of virus diseases are commonly conducted by immunological tests but this method is not available for use with OFV because OFV has a very unstable virion. Current laboratory tests used for diagnosis of OFV involve the examination of leaf sap by electron microscopy. This is time consuming, costly and my unreliable because OFV is often present in very low concentrations. A molecular based detection system will offer a rapid, accurate and cost effective test for the diagnosis and identification of OFV in infected plant samples.

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NY525/NY95025 - Commercial adoption of efficient irrigation & fertiliser strategies for containerised nursery plants

27 August 2012

This project consisted of several components conducted on the Far North Coast of NSW under Dr Huett's supervision and in the Sydney metropolitan area by Dr Cresswell. The Sydney component also involved herbicide runoff studies by Dr P Goodwin from the University of Sydney. A major component of the project were demonstrations of efficient management practices designed to reduce nutrient runoff and these were conducted on commercial nurseries. Adoption of efficient irrigation and fertiliser management practices by Australian nurseries has been slow and the use of demonstrations managed by teams which included nursery operators was used in an attempt to increase the adoption of new technology.

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NY516/NY95016 - A Non-vented Culture System to Reduce Orchid Production costs

27 August 2012

Orchid cultures in vitro need ventilated containers. Provision of vents is time consuming and increases the risk of contamination and desiccation of long term cultures. The need for venting orchid cultures and means of avoiding this need, are being investigated. While plant die back in non vented containers was demonstrated under controlled conditions, apparently subtle changes in culture conditions affect the occurrence of the symptoms.

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NY629 - Transferring research into training

27 August 2012

The project was aimed at kick starting the development of Technology Transfer using audible training as a vehicle.The usual Technology Transfer process at the time involved a researcher running a number of 'free' workshops or seminars around the major centres, where some of the industry attended. Whereas this method did at times produce results , it was separated from any formal recognition and had no process to ensure that the technology was in fact transferred.

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NY628 - Queensland Nursery Industry Accreditation Officer

27 August 2012

An initial application was submitted by the Queensland Nursery Industry Association (QNIA) to the Horticultural Research and Development Corporation (HRDC) on 14th May 1996. On the basis of preliminary approval advertisements were then placed for the position of Nursery Industry Development Officer (NIDO) with emphasis on functions associated with the Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme Australia (NIASA) - see Appendix 1. All activities have principally been directed towards accreditation but for consistency the position has been titled Nursery Industry Development Officer rather then the more limiting Accreditation Officer.

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NY00040 - 29th Annual Conference 2001 IPPS

27 August 2012

The 29th Annual Conference of the Australian region of the International Plant Propagators' society (IPPS) was held in Canberra 17-20 May 2001. The purpose of the conference was to promote greater knowledge of plant propagation techniques, technology transfer of information about plant cultivation and nursery hygiene and enhance networking among participants. The conference was attended by 180 participants whose background included nursery managers and their staff, educators, industry leaders, staff from botanic gardens and students. There were 18 technical papers presented under the following headings: research, seed propagation, irrigation, cut flowers difficult species to strike and nursery hygiene.

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NY00038 - Regional Meetings for the Development of an Australian Nursery Industry Strategic Plan 2001-2006

27 August 2012

The Australian Nursery & Garden Industry is estimated to be worth 4.5billion the the retail level(all of the gardening). State and national associations various committees including AGCAS & NIASA the Marketing Forum, the R&D Committee and the Export Forum and Horticulture Australia Limited all play a continuing role in the development of the industry.
Many of these groups have, in the past, developed their own plans and strategies to meet certain targets and goals. Some of these plans are either completed or expired, such as the research and development Plan, 1996-2001 and others may require a review.

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NY00034 - Improving Nursery Industry awareness about Garden Escapees

27 August 2012

Many weeds in Australia impacting on farming and natural ecosystems have escaped from gardens. These plants often escape when people dump garden waste into bushland and forest areas, over the back fence and down drains. Educating gardeners through nurseries and the horticulture media is a high priority. Raising awareness about garden waste disposal will help reduce the invasion of weeds. Increasingly, people are ordering seeds etc from overseas via the internet some of which maybe missed by quarantine when they arrive at the A ustralian border. Education about how to avoid importing dangerous plants is also an important issue.

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NY00027 - The Nursery & Garden Industry 2000 & Beyond

27 August 2012

As we approach 2002, the Australian Nursery & Garden Industry is in a highly dynamic position. Media exposure for gardening is at an all time high, with media interests packaging "garden makeovers" to the lucrative time pore consumers. the landscape sector is growing as many areas of horticulture and re-vegetation and the nurseries that supply them.However much of the conventional industry wisdom is being challenged, and as these new conditions evolve some sectors of the industry are seeing their profitability eroded. Maintenance and growth in profitability will ultimately be the measure of industry health.

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NY00023 - Facilitating the development of Retail Garden Centres in SA

27 August 2012

The project NY00023 was initiated in 2001 to facilitate the development of the retail sector of theNursery & Garden Industry, South Australia (NGISA). The project outline developed by NGISAallowed a part time officer (0.5 FTE) three years to determine the industry position, identifyopportunities, and initiate growth of the SA retail sector in accordance with the objectives of theHorticulture Australia Ltd Strategic Plan.

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NY015 - Identification & control of garden weevil & whitefringed weevil in nursery situations

27 August 2012

A survey of 40 nurseries was undertaken to determine which species of weevils occurred in ornamentals, which were the most serious pests and also which were recognised by nursery staff as pests.
The nurseries all in the Melbourne area.  More than half of the nurseries (57%) surveyed had weevils in their stock, but only about one-quarter (27%) of nurseries believed that they had weevils present.  the weevils were not present in high numbers and so were not pests in most cases.

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NY001 - Native Plant Production and Phytophthora dieback

27 August 2012

To study Phytophthora fungus and to develop and implement improved methods for screening seedling and clonal material of native plants for resistance to/tolerance of Phytophthora species. Diseases caused by Phytophthora species pose a considerable threat to the successful large scale cultivation of Australian native plants for the nursery industry. The selection and propagation of disease resistant or tolerant material is, therefore, desirable. This project involved the isolation and identification of Phytophthora species causing disease assessment of their pathogenicity and the development of improved techniques for routine screening for resistance in major native nursery crops. Inoculation studies involved intact plants in field and glasshouse and in vitro, excised shoots, roots and tissue cultures.

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NY513/HG97017 - IPM ONfarm - Protected Cropping

27 August 2012

Introduction to IPM

Competency Training in Integrated Pest Management for the Ornamental and Greenhouse Industries Course Workbook Stages 1,2,3 and 4
This course does not address any national competencies in the National Training Package in Horticulture: it provides an understanding of the aims and practices of IPM and it is also the introduction to Stages 2 and 3 of the IPM ONfarm training program.

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NY08024 - Nursery Industry National Conference 2012

14 June 2012

Project NY08024 Nursery Industry National Conference was originally contracted for three years to cover the 2009, 2010 and 2011 Nursery Industry National Conferences. At the NGI Presidents and CEO’s meeting held directly after the NGI Conference and Exhibition in Canberra 2009 it was motioned and moved that National Conferences would become biennial at the conclusion of the 2010 conference in Darwin.

As a result of moving to a biennial conference NGIA requested an additional milestone be added for the 23/7/2011 and for the final report of this project to be delayed until 29/5/2012 to report on the outcomes of the 2012 conference held from March 13-16 in Queensland.

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NY09004 - Management of Business Development & Improvement programs and Stakeholder Communications for the nursery industry

22 May 2012

Industry development programs as stakeholder communications are a critical aspect of industry positioning with the internal and external markets for greenlife in Australia. This levy funded role was established to ensure effective management and coordination of messages across all sectors of the industry.

In developing the Industry accreditation/business improvement communications a close working relationship is required with the committees who advise NGIA/Hal on the requirements. The NIASA program has been rebadged as the Nursery Industry Farm Management System which is a holistic approach to industry Best Practice , Environmental and Biosecurity management. This approach has been communicated to industry via the production of a DVD and industry specific Communications and adverts. This has been achieved via the sub program NY09017 and NY10502.

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NY11011 - Nursery and Garden Industry Awards Program

22 May 2012

This project builds on NY09013 Management and Administration - Nursery Accreditation and Awards. This project was previously contracted for two years however was submitted this year on a one year basis from July 2011 to July 2012. As at conclusion of the 2012 Awards Program, the national awards will be run on a biennial basis, a new project for the awards program will be submitted to HAL at the end of 2012 for funding for the 2014 awards program. The Industry strategic objective behind this project is: To enhance the capacity and efficiency of the industry's resources through upgrading industry skills, knowledge and practice.

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NY10701 - IPPS Conference 2011

12 March 2012

The International Plant Propagators Society (IPPS) has been in operation since 1951.  The IPPS was established by a group of nursery operators (propagators) saw a need to record practical information about propagation and share this knowledge to extend the propagation skills and techniques to those producing plants.

 

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NY10024 - Indoor-plant technology for health and environmental sustainability

17 February 2012

International research has demonstrated that indoor plants can substantially improve indoor environmental quality, reducing all major types of urban air pollution and directly improving health and wellbeing of occupants. Our UTS studies have shown that indoor plants can significantly reduce volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and CO2, two classes of air pollutant always higher indoors than outside, even in the centre of the city. Indoor plants have potential for further development so that they can be installed to bring about significant reductions in loads on the air-conditioning (A-C) of city buildings, by reducing the frequency with which the A-Cs must cut in to refresh air when CO2 levels get too high. A recent UTS office study showed us that any plant CO2 reductions may be masked by modern A-C systems, indicating potentially unnecessary energy use. The building sector accounts for one third of global energy use, so reductions here would contribute to sustainability goals.

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NY10008 - Nursery Industry - Regional Technical Conferences for the Nursery & Garden Industry

17 February 2012

The Australian Nursery Industry is very diverse and located in all States and Territories. The communication of outcomes from levy funded projects is undertaken at many levels, utilising development officer networks, printed and electronic media and conferences or technical forums. It has been identified that while National Conferences are critical in maintaining contact with business owners, regional conferences /technical forums give the opportunity for exposure to wider range of industry stakeholders.

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NY10005 - Nursery Environmental & Technical Research and Extension

03 January 2012

Aligns with the strategic direction of the Australian nursery and garden industry (NGI) Strategic Plan 2010-2015 by investing in research, development and extension projects (RD&E) that address key environmental issues impacting on the long term health and sustainability of the industry.

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NY09011 - Nursery Industry Training and Recognition 2009/2011

03 January 2012

Industry skills are a critical factor in the ability for businesses in the sector to grow and meet the increasing pressures from legislators and customers.
The Nursery Industry has invested considerable sums over the past few years in developing training modules that address identified skill gaps in industry specific requirements for staff. These modules are promoted via the NGIA websitge and delivered at a regional level.

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NY09016 - Environmental and Technical Extension

09 May 2011

Five sub projects were investigated as part of this project and this report details the outcomes associated with these sub projects. The NGI has been successful in implementing the key objectives of the project with the following outcomes having been achieved:

  • Development of four key pest contingency plans for high risk biosecurity pests of the NGI to ensure the industry can appropriately manage these pests should there be an incursion. Contingency plans were developed for:

o Whitefly transmitted viruses
o Poinsettia thrips (Echinothrips americanus)
o Gypsy moth (Asian and European strains) Lymantria dispar dispar
o Serpentine leaf miner (Liriomyza huidobrensis)

  • Completion of three university student projects that addressed key environmental issues whilst educating tomorrow’s future industry leaders. Projects undertaken and successfully completed during this project included:

o Using STRATUM to estimate the benefits of street trees in Melbourne - University of Melbourne, Victoria.
o Bottom ash as a green roof substrate - University of Melbourne, Victoria.
o Does biochar have a role in growing media? Sydney University, Sydney.

  • A scientific report that investigated whether irradiation on live plants could be used as an alternative quarantine treatment.
  • Development of an online calculator to facilitate grower assessment of nursery energy requirements across all operations, potential alternative energy sources and cost benefit assessment of options. Accompanying this calculator were resources to inform the NGI on opportunities and costs associated with energy cogeneration including case studies and fact sheets relating to solar power and wind turbines.
  • A literature review and scientific report that investigated the degree of herbicide residues in dam water following herbicide applications at production nurseries.

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NY09012 - Nursery Industry Regional Communications

25 February 2011

The nursery industry is extremely diverse by both regional location and the types of plants grown. Compounding this the businesses also diversify by the stage of production they underetake and the end use markets. in order to provide an update of key issues relevant to growers in the regions the industry has developed state based communications. In some cases there are printed and others they are weekly email communications.

The industry has reviewed the industry needs for communications as part of the industry strategic plan 2010-2015 and a plan has been developed which highlights the channels for effective communication to indsutry stakeholders. This needs to be fully costed in accordance with the proposals submitted for consideration in 2011.

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NY07001 - Supply and Demand Chain Development via Accreditation/Certification/WaterUse Efficiency with the Landscape Industry

25 February 2011

The purpose of the project was to promote uptake of the Landscape Accreditation and Certification Schemes to suppliers and contractors in the landscape industry. It is anticipated the long term benefit of the programme with be the improvement in the quality of the product and services offered by landscapers to the benefit of the whole lifestyle horticulture supply and demand chain and the consumer market.

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AH09023 - Health and Well-being in Horticulture

25 February 2011

Health and wellbeing are key strategic themes for the horticulture industry and the aim of the recent Wellbeing Project was to provide support for the various industry activities being undertaken. the project was designed to provide HAL member industries  with a resource and overarching support in the areas of research, communications, policy and regulatory affairs.

Commencing in December 2009, the key activities undertaken as part of the project include:

- providing references for published research on the topic of "wellbeing"

- managing the licensing agreement between HAL and WA department of Health which provides private sector accessto the 'Go for 2&5' campaign materials

- providing information to HAL members on relevant policy and regulatory affair issues

- maintaining a weekly program of 'Healthy Eating Tips'

- providing linkages with the International Fruit and Vegetable Allicance and distributing information promoting the health benefits of fruit and vegetables.

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NY02031 - Nursery Video Case Study for on Track Update

04 February 2011

The educational resource kit, ONtrack, has shown great promise in raising the awareness of, and encouraging young people into, rural industries. Funded by the Commonwealth Department of Education Science and Training and managed by Rural Skills Australia, ONtrack was part of the Rural Careers Information Project. It highlighted rural and regional industries and the career and employment opportunities they offer. Distributed between November 2002 and February 2003, the resource kit was enthusiastically received by students, teachers and career advisers, parents and industry.

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NY99029 - Improved Disease Management in the NSW Nursery Industry

04 February 2011

The root rot fungus Phytophthora was isolated from 22% of used potting media and 20% of drainage water samples in this 1999-2002 study. The fungus was not found in fresh media samples or irrigation water, suggesting other likely entry points such as plants and seedlings brought onto nurseries and contaminated drainage water. In contrast, the fungal pathogen Pythium was isolated from 19% of fresh media and 13% of irrigation water samples. Management guidelines for diseases in irrigation water were reviewed and published in Managing Water in Plant Nurseries (Rolfe, Yiasoumi & Keskula, 2000). More than 500 ornamentals were diagnosed for plant diseases, providing new information for an updated checklist of diseases in NSW plants. Molecular techniques were developed for distinguishing Phytophthora species. Evaluation of commercial microbial biological controls to suppress plant diseases gave variable results.

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NY98052 - Home Gardener Segmentation Study

04 February 2011

This 1999-2000 study studied the purchaser market and profiled the purchaser base to assist nursery industry retailers. It also looked at developing trends, including the size and nature of the emerging services segment. The study grew out of a need to provide retailers with new marketing tools given the emergence of new services to customers offering new convenient ways to buy and use products.

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NY99048 - Study Tour of North American Production Nurseries

04 February 2011

In May/June 2000, 19 Australians visited 15 production nurseries, two gardens and two universities in the US. They investigated production techniques including methods of large-scale stock handling and movement suitable for adaptation to Australia. Reports by tour members are available.

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NY99047 - Manipulating Growth in Bedding Plants

04 February 2011

In the Year 2000, researchers discovered how ethephon, a growth-control chemical, manipulates plant growth so nurseries can better meet seasonal customer demand. Further work was recommended to test ethephon as an alternative to chlormequat and daminozide.

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NY536 - Development of Steam-Air Treatments to Control Seed-Borne Diseases of Vegetables and Flowers

04 February 2011

Steam-air treatments of 50C and 52C for 30 minutes successfully controlled the seed-borne fungi Botrytis allii, Fusarium oxysporum, Stemphylium vesicarium and Penicillium sp in onion seed without affecting seed germination capacity, in this 1995-96 project. Control of a fifth seedborne disease, Aspergillus niger was not achieved in onions by any of the steam-air treatments. This report details the success of steam-air treatment for control of seedborne fungi in onions and basil, and its lack of success in controlling the same fungi in zinnias and marigolds.

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MT09093 - International Plant Virus Epidemiology Symposium, June 20-24, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York USA

25 January 2011

Denis Persley, a principal plant virologist and leader of HAL project VGO 7128 Integrated management of viral diseases in vegetable crops, attended the 11th International Plant Virus Epidemiology Symposium and 3rd Workshop of the plant virus ecology network at Cornell University, New York State from June 20 to 24, 2010.
 
The Symposium provided new information on a range of endemic virus and potential threats to the Australian vegetable industry.  The objectives of the travel were met by maintaining and establishing new contacts in the areas of plant virology and plant pathology. New information was obtained on predictive systems to allow more precise implementation of disease management.  New information on the detection of virus in insect vectors will assist in developing these systems and in the evaluation of non-chemical methods for the management of non-persistent vector borne viruses.
 
New information and relevant contacts will better equip Australian virologists to identify and manage disease threats presented by Pepino mosaic virus and whitefly transmitted criniviruses which continue to spread throughout most vegetable production areas worldwide. Attending this meeting of 150 scientists with similar interests allowed access to information and contacts which would take at least some years to obtain and develop through other methods. The information obtained is valuable in meeting current and future project objectives designed to provide practical management of viral diseases in the vegetable industry.

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MT09052 - The IX International Symposium on Thysanoptera and Tospoviruses, August 31 to September 4 2009, Gold Coast Queensland

25 January 2011

Thrips, which are small, slender insects with sucking mouth parts, are a common in most ecosystems. A relatively small number of the known species are common and serious pests of fruit, vegetable, field and ornamental crops worldwide. Examples include the western flower thrips, onion thrips and tomato thrips. In addition to direct damage to crops, thrips are the specific vector or carrier of viruses in the tomato spotted wilt or tospovirus group of plant viruses. Viruses within this group are among the most widespread and damaging viruses worldwide. Tomato spotted wilt virus, for example, is ranked as one of the ten most economically important viruses of plants worldwide. Thrips and tospoviruses are very difficult to effectively manage due to the wide range of hosts of both thrips and tospoviruses, the complex virus transmission process, the rapid development of insecticide resistance among pest species and the lack of resistant germplasm among many susceptible crop hosts. Managing these formidable opponents requires a strong international effort from researchers and consultants. The major forum to discuss progress and plan future efforts is the International Symposium on Thrips and Tospoviruses. The ninth of these symposia was hosted by Australia and held on the Gold Coast, Queensland from August 31 to September 4 2009. There were 112 delegates from 20 countries, providing an excellent opportunity for Australian scientists and industry representatives to interact, share issues and solutions and foster future collaborations. Highlights of the meeting included presentations on improved management of thrips and tospoviruses in vegetable and grain legume crops; the successful implementation of integrated pest management against western flower thrips in strawberries in Australia and the international program to unravel the genetic structure of thrips with the long term goal of providing more effective control through genetic manipulation. New tospovirus species were reported and the list of known vector species expanded. Presentations from the USA indicated the increasing importance of Iris yellow spot virus in both seed and bulb onion crops. Presentations at the Symposium clearly emphasised that tospoviruses and thrips are biosecurity risks for Australian industries. The greatest diversity of tospovirus species occurs in Asia as do several recently recorded vector species. Delegates strongly supported continuation of the Symposia as the primary forum for those working in this diverse area with the next meeting to be held in Brazil in 2012.

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NY09000 - Propagators Tour of Ireland 2009

25 January 2011

Hortcom arranged a study tour that coincided with the International meeting of the IPPS. For 2009 the region hosting the event was the GB&I region. They chose Ireland for the tour and Kilkenny as the venue. As is usual a pre-conference tour was arranged, and for this event a post conference tour of Northern Ireland was also included. Details of the tours are attached .

Tour participants were chosen as having an interest in plant propagation and some involvement with leadership of the Australian region. Hortcom has arranged previous tours, in 2007 the tour of USA was directed at youth. All participants were required to present a report on the tour. Each chose an area of interest. Some also included comments from an extension of their trip to Europe. All reports are attached.

Tour participants were:
Greg McPhee (tour leader)
Lyndy McPhee
Clive Larkman
Di Larkman
Steve Vallance
Natalie Vallance
David Cliffe

 

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NY07018 - Towards Improving Indoor Air Quality with Pot -Plants — A Multifactorial

25 January 2011

International research (including that at UTS) has shown indoor plants can reduce all types of urban air pollution. The aims of this project have been threefold:
-to investigate the effect of pot size on the capacity of pot-plants to reduce concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), a major class of outdoor and indoor air pollution;
-to characterise the potting mix bacteria which are the primary VOC removal agents (plants nourish their root-zone bacteria a mutualistic relationship at work); and
to initiate testing of CO2 reduction by indoor plants.
Key outcomes
-Our results, with three species, showed that for VOC reduction, three 125 mm pots are as effective as one 200 mm pot; and one 200 mm pot is as effective as a 300 mm pot.
- Applications: The results show the very high capacity for pot-plants to remove VOCs. The findings allow for more flexibility in interiorscapes, eg with towers or clusters of small plants interspersed among larger pots.
-Our tests on potting mix of Spathiphyllum have provided the first-ever community physiological profile of the VOC-removing bacterial consortium, and tracked changes in that community as the result of exposure to a VOC.
-Applications: The results confirm the mechanism by which VOCs are biodegraded, so the ability of indoor pot-plants to perform this role can be promoted with confidence.
-The preliminary studies on plant CO2 removal in the —office habitat showed that they can adapt to the very low light levels for CO2 reductions, but respiration of roots and potting mix must be taken into account in assessing effectiveness.
- Applications: Indoor plants should be placed according to shade tolerance; they can acclimatise to prevailing lighting for CO2 reduction.
Future R&D
Much more research is needed in this area. It should also be directed to comparative studies of VOC and CO2 reductions of plants in hydroculture which is becoming more standard overseas and likely to become so in Australia. Indoor plants have the potential to reduce the energy consumption of air-conditioning and hence the C-imprint of the city, for sustainable urban living.

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MT08021 - N, P and K Deficiency Diagnosis in and Consequences for Ptilotus Nobilis Production

25 January 2011

This project focussed on the macronutrition of the comparatively new garden, landscape and cut flower native Australian species, Ptilotus nobilis (commonly known as mulla mulla). Ptilotus species are increasing in popularity due to their distinctive flower forms and colours, but not much is known about the nutritional requirements to grow them successfully. This project addresses this knowledge gap by studying the nutritional requirements of two Outback Princess series Ptilotus nobilis cultivars, Passion and Purity. A key outcome of this project is that nitrogen deficiency can occur comparatively readily, but the symptoms expressed vary for different varieties: Passion shows pale green leaves, whilst Purity develops red leaf tips or margins. The roles of potassium and phosphorus are not so critical to the successful growing of Ptilotus. The project highlighted that by maintaining a regular supply of nitrogen to the plants, plant losses following pruning to remove spent flowers can be reduced. The significance of this to industry is that Ptilotus losses in production, after cutting back, in the garden and landscape can be significantly reduced. The impact of these findings will be seen in the near future as there are several forms of Ptilotus likely to be introduced to the marketplace in the coming years. Future R & D could focus on the nutritional requirements of other related, and comparatively new, colourful betalain-pigmented Australian native plant species. Understanding the key nutritional requirements of these species will assist in successfully cultivating future varieties. Many of these species are drought hardy and have comparatively low maintenance. As water use is becoming a more prominent issue, betalain-pigmented plants illustrate that you can have flower colour in the garden and landscape even during periods of drought aesthetically pleasing but also providing diversity of flora. 

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NY07020 - International Plant Propagators Society Conference, Lilydale VIC, May 2008

25 January 2011

On the 1st to the 4th of May the 2008 IPPS conference was held in Lilydale,Victoria. The conference theme was “opportunity in diversity” the conference featured speakers from Australia, USA, South Africa and NZ  and canvassed leading edge technology and visits to local production nurseries and horticultural enterprises.

The IPPS held a successful conference, run along a similar format to previous conferences.Points of difference that contributed to a successful event were:
• The non-city location in the heart of a horticultural area.
• Insisting that all speakers and activities related to the theme of “Opportunity through Diversity”.
• Having a special focus on youth in the program.
• An organising committee prepared to put in a lot of time in planning and running the conference.

Dissemination of the proceedings will be through the Society’s own publication as well as reports in the horticultural press.
The key outcomes of this project were:
1. There was wide industry involvement. Attendees included Nursery Industry Development Officers, researchers, educators, media and plant propagators.
2. Strong youth involvement in the program through the 6 pack sponsorship, South African exchange program and Next Gen.
3. Increased awareness within young propagators of the role that IPPS can play in the sharing of knowledge.
4. Exposure of attendees to a diverse range of horticultural topics and businesses in the Yarra Valley.

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NY06022 - Future Development of a Garden Industry Market Monitor

25 January 2011

The purposeof this report is to summarise the process, content, developments and apparent use of the outputs from the Garden Market Monitor project NY 06022, which has operated from 2006 to Dec 2007. The audience for this report is the NGIA team and HAL program managers. The Garden Market Monitor (GMM) has, from its conception:-defined the industry value at points in time;-defined industry structure by product category and distributionchannel;-identified key trends;-enhanced the reports by including profiles of selected categories; and-developed a more accessible and relevant format.Data is sourcedfrom growers, wholesalers, retailers, garden maintenance, landscapersas well as ABS and other garden industry consumer studies. By pooling and processing key data, GMM is able to assess the implications of these findings for those operating in the Australian garden market. GMM then delivers it in an accessible, easy-to-read report format with relevant diagrams and graphs on a bi-annual basis.The opportunity to be involvedin the Garden Market Monitor program is open to all garden industry participants. Involvement means regularly providing data, and in return priority summary reports will be made available.

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NY01017 - Nursery ChemCert Certificate Specialist Mdule

25 January 2011

This project was regarding the plant nursery and related industries produce high quality plants with high production potential and/or aesthetic appeal for the enjoyment of customers, and the Australian public. The industry is more interested than most in producing blemish-free plants, which requires a high level of pest management often including pesticide use. It operates in a sensitive environment. Many workplaces are in or near urban residential areas and there are potential risks associated with this Accidents are closely scrutinised by authorities and the press which can damage both the businesses and the industry. The risks of pesticide pollution to community and environmental health have to be carefully managed to maintain and support the industry’s development. The learning guide produced has been designed to be used together with the Nursery Pesticide Application Best Practice Manual, which is referred to throughout the text as the Best Practice Manual or the BPM.

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HG04007 - Irrigation Knowledge Exchange Program for Horticultural Industries

25 January 2011

The project helps to clarify and articulate horticultural on-going water needs. This will help to enhance the case for maintaining and improving industry access to water, which is threatened by water scarcity and competition for water from expanding urban and environmental demands.The initial part of the project highlighted the need for strengthened information systems within the horticultural sector and at an industry-wide level.The second stage of the project involved an extensive review and consultation, to gain valuable information by addressing specific issues for each of the six industries involved in the study (including the apple & pear, avocado, nursery, strawberry, citrus and summerfruit industries).The project helped to identify the actual and potential uptake of irrigation technology and improved management practices, while also highlighting some of the motivational factors that drive adoption. The environmental, social and economic benefits for the industry were also evaluated.

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NY03033 - National Strategic Development Workshop for the Landscape Industry Association of Australia, Adelaide, October 2003

25 January 2011

In October 2003 all state based Landscape Associations met in Adelaide to undertake a review of operations and develop agreed strategic direction to progress the national Landscape Industry Association of Australia (LIAA) in a professional, sustainable manner. The key components of the project were to collectively agree on the strategic direction for the landscape industry in Australia. It was targeted to develop a collective, agreed vision, core purpose and competitive advantage. In the past, the individual state associations have always undertaken their own independent delivery of strategies to suit specific needs of the various states but it has been recognised that the time has come to lift the profile of the national association and coordinate nationally portable, specific programs and issues such as marketing and consumer awareness, career path development, individual certification programs, company accreditation programs, become world competitive and increase member benefits. As a result of the Adelaide Workshop it was agreed to progress the national body and identify the appropriate operation and action plans.

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NY03037 - Consumer Research in Relation to Garden Water Attitudes and Practices

25 January 2011

This project provides a benchmark of garden watering practices. Hand held hosing predominates in Sydney, Melbourne and to a lesser extent Brisbane. The incidence of installed watering systems is highest in Perth (82%) where 25% of respondents also report having a bore. Sydney has the lowest incidence of installed watering systems (18%). Three in five installed systems are on a timer, but virtually none have soil moisture sensors. This study used qualitative insights and quantitative measures to assess a range of initiatives the Industry should undertake, alone or possibly in conjunction with other stakeholders. The quantitative measure asks respondents to indicate their level of interest a range of products/services. The one exception relates to the appeal of Waterwise Accreditation of garden centres – respondents were asked the degree of importance they placed on accreditation. The overall interpretation is indicative.

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NY02019 - Nursery and Garden Industry Weeds Scoping Study

25 January 2011

A nine-month study starting in April 2003 identified key issues confronting national farmer weed management groups and examined the roles, activities and links between environmental and noxious weed groups and agencies in Australia.

The study included a national survey of groups such as Landcare, Bushcare, Rivercare, Coastcare, Friends of Parks, Greening Australia, Conservation Volunteers and government agencies. Weed invasiveness was their main concern.

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NY99029 - Improved Disease Management in the NSW Nursery Industry

25 January 2011

The root rot fungus Phytophthora was isolated from 22% of used potting media and 20% of drainage water samples in this 1999-2002 study. The fungus was not found in fresh media samples or irrigation water, suggesting other likely entry points such as plants and seedlings brought onto nurseries and contaminated drainage water. In contrast, the fungal pathogen Pythium was isolated from 19% of fresh media and 13% of irrigation water samples. Management guidelines for diseases in irrigation water were reviewed and published in Managing Water in Plant Nurseries (Rolfe, Yiasoumi & Keskula, 2000). More than 500 ornamentals were diagnosed for plant diseases, providing new information for an updated checklist of diseases in NSW plants. Molecular techniques were developed for distinguishing Phytophthora species. Evaluation of commercial microbial biological controls to suppress plant diseases gave variable results.

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NY02015 - Nursery and Garden Industry Consumer Research

25 January 2011

This 2003 report summarises findings from research to understand consumer motives for and barriers to gardening. It also looks at influences on gardening and industry competition in terms of time and money. The study found: • the gardening market is more segmented; smaller blocks, more couples no children • learning to garden at a young age is useful if fun, not a chore • main influencers - parents for youngsters, media / friends / relatives / nurseries later in life • only a minority are well informed about gardening • time is a greater barrier than cost, and gardening expenditure is good value for money • while there are several motives for gardening, more are outcomes-based • industry accreditation is potentially valuable in the market, but not well known • gardeners see price, range, advice, plant quality and service as important • there is limited interest in use of garden contractors, but growth is expected • a number of positioning routes could be useful for communications • the gardening media suggest a closer relationship with industry

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HG01069 - Fruit and Vegetable Study Tour to China to Investigate the Market Opportunities - May 2002

25 January 2011

A broad strength, weakness, opportunity and threat (SWOT) analysis (2002) for the potential of Australian horticultural products in Mainland China, is outlined in this final report. Strengths include that Australia has counter-seasonal supply to local Chinese and Northern Hemisphere competitors, strong market interest exists in Australian products (perceived as high quality) and strong links exist with Hong Kong importers. Braodly, opportunities inlcude growing consumer demand in North and South China and China’s access to the World Trade Organisation promising to reduce tariff rates and barriers. However, weaknesses and threats also exist, related to trade access, lack of promotion and import channels.

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NY00006 - Development and Evaluation of New Test for Water Retention Efficiency of Potting Media

25 January 2011

Three simple laboratory tests for measuring the water retention efficiency (WRE) of potting mixes were developed in a two-year trial completed in May 2002. The drip, ‘hand’ and capillary absorption tests provided information about the rewetting properties of potting mix under sprinkler, drip and sub-irrigation. The trial included a survey of commercial potting mixes, which showed highly variable results for WRE and air-filled porosity, water-holding capacity, bulk density and wettability under Australian Potting Mix Standard AS 3743. No one test or combination of tests was sufficiently correlated with WRE to be useful for predicting potting mix performance under irrigation.

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NY97020 - Quality Assurance Technical Support and Technology Transfer for Improved Crop Health in the NSW Nursery Industry

25 January 2011

This 1997-99 project has resulted in: > improved disease diagnostic services for the NSW nursery industry and Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme of Australia through: > providing disease diagnostic services through Plant Health Diagnostic Services, NSW > validating a technique for improved detection of Phytophthora from soil and water using a selective agar media baiting technique > survey of diseases in the Sydney region in spring 1998 > improved knowledge and skills through workshops on disease recognition/management, Integrated Pest Management and potting media > disease diagnostic cards/fact sheets

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NY99034 - Attendance at Methods and Markers for Quality Assurance in Micropropagation conference, Ireland

25 January 2011

This 1999 conference focused on applying molecular biology techniques to ensure plant quality. Molecular biology techniques may be used to detect and identify plant pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi and mycoplasmas); to verify clonal fidelity; and to detect any genetic change that arises through the micropropagation process. For pathogen detection, in the past, the immunological-based ELISA test has developed into routine use. It is robust, fairly specific, and can be adapted to new pathogens relatively easily. However, it has limited sensitivity and is not so easily applied to bacteria and fungi. PCR has potential as it has high sensitivity and specificity, but it costs about three times more than ELISA. This and other molecular biology techniques were discussed at the conference and are outlined in this final report.

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NY97044 - Establishing a National Nursery Industry Retail Accreditation Scheme: The concept, scope, characteristics and management

25 January 2011

This final report for the Nursery industry outlines the Establishment of a National Nursery Industry Retail Accreditation Scheme: The Concept, Scope Characteristics and Management, developed in 1998-99. It was prepared to inform and be used by the Nursery Industry Association of Australia and various State Nursery Industry Associations. It details the components and criteria of the Australian Garden Centre Accreditation Scheme and makes recommendations for its implementation.

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NY624/NY97032 - Development Of Surface Disinfection Protocols For The Australian Nursery Industry

25 January 2011

This 1998-2000 project developed information on commonly-used disinfectants and their effective use in most nursery situations to kill bacteria, fungi and nematodes. It also developed hygiene protocols to cover these Australian nurseries. The project found that: - there was no single general disinfectant or treatment suitable for all situations, - disinfectants require time to work effectively - surfaces to be treated and the pathogens present determine the most appropriate disinfectant and hygiene protocol. This and other findings about the effect of the surface to be cleaned, copper treatments and resistance of T. basicola to disinfectants are detailed in the final report.

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NY00031 - Crossnore 2000 - A Festival of Enthusiasm for Ornamental Diseases and Pests

25 January 2011

The workshop at Crossnore, North Carolina, in the US in the Year 2000, involved more than 130 pathologists and entomologists working in ornamental crops. The main points of interest from this workshop and clinic visits were: • interest and pressure is growing for nurseries to use recycled water; work is being conducted to find the best way to manage recycled water, detect fungi and the effects of these fungi on the plants being watered • Thielaviopsis (also known as Chalara or Black root rot) is causing concern in greenhouses in the US similar to that found in Australia • recent research on fungicide resistance in the nursery industry in the USmay have implications for Australia’s nursery industry • many diagnostic clinics in the US are setting up systems to enable diagnosis by digital images.

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NY98040 - New South Wales Nursery Industry Development Officer

25 January 2011

Horticulture Australia’s ongoing Industry Development Officer Program is helping boost the NSW nursery industry’s professionalism and adoption of new technology, promote best practice, improve industry collaboration and communication, introduce better environmental practices and attract sponsorship for R&D initiatives. Through a series of learning events, nursery visits, publication of articles, joint agency projects and other activities, the NSW Nursery IDO helped increase nursery business accreditations from 9 to 36 between 1998 and the Year 2000.

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NY96029 - Transferring Research into Nursery Training

25 January 2011

A series of nursery-specific training courses based on latest research were developed between 1997 and the Year 2000, with close involvement from the peak industry body. The project took a holistic approach to the relationship between industry and the formal training and qualification system. Each course included a learning guide that showed the link with formal qualifications.

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NY210 - In search of the Australian petunia

25 January 2011

A list of Australian native species with potential for use as bedding plants was developed in 1992-93 after an industry evaluation and germination experiments. Annual species with the greatest immediate potential were Actinotus leusccoephalus, Brunoia australis, Calandrinia polyandra, Gomphrena canescans, Velleia rosea, V.trinervis and the Lobelia species. The effect of incubation temperature and the plant growth hormones, gibberellic acid and benzylaminopurine, used either alone or in combination, was also assessed.

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NY97049 - NSW Nursery Industry State Conference

25 January 2011

The Nursery Industry Association of NSW (NIAN) and Greengold Nurseries Pty Ltd held their first joint annual conference in June 1998 called Growing Together ’98. It attracted more than 200 participants and included an extensive program catering for nursery retailers and growers. This final report recognises the value of developing and maintaining networks for industry progress. The conference's success was demonstrated by the organisations' decision to hold joint annual conferences every second year.

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NY306 - Fungicide Resistance in Isolates of Botrytis from Ornamentals and Development of Control Strategies

25 January 2011

In NSW nurseries, a 1993-96 study of resistance to fungicides for control of botrytis in ornamentals found that neither the benzimidozole fungicides (like benomyl) nor the dicarboximide fungicides (like iprodione) could be relied on to provide effective control of infections. The protectant, chlorothalonil, was the only fungicide available for use on all ornamentals in commercial practice. This report outlines further work to assess a range of fungicides and biocontrol agents for their efficacy against botrytis and their risk of building resistance.

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NY97047 - Nursery Industry Supply Chain Analysis

25 January 2011

This 1998 project profiled the efficiency of the garden industry supply chain. The main aim was to identify improvements in the way the industry plans, trades and supplies products and services. The analysis found the garden industry faced a number of challenges. Demand was highly seasonal and within those seasons weather could still be an absolute influence on performance. There was increasing competition for discretionary dollars, changes in industry distribution channels and a diverse range of supply options for what is a fresh product with limited shelf-life. There were low levels of freight consolidation at the retail end and low use of information technologies. When compared to the way other supply chains operate, improvement potential for the garden industry became clear. This final report outlines and ranks five improvement options, with a common technology thread and requiring a collaborative approach. It concludes with guidelines for the working group and next steps.

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NY506 - The Compatibility of Timber Based Potting Media with Mycorrhizal Activity in Nursery Plant

25 January 2011

Timber-based, non-toxic potting media (pine bark, coir, sawdust) were tested for their compatibility to mycorrhizae - an under-used natural resource in nurseries. Mycorrhizae can enhance nutrient uptake, affect plant physiology (flowering and drought tolerance), improve tolerance to fungal pathogens, and stabilise soil systems. The study found high nutrient levels in the different media (necessary for maximum plant growth) inhibited mycorrhizal infection, and that growers need to find a balance between plant nutrition and mycorrhizal infection. Slow-release fertilisers could play an important role.

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NY613 - Publication of R&D Findings and Results

25 January 2011

In 1995 the Nursery Industry Association of Australia (NIAA) and Horticultural Research and Development Corporation commissioned a survey into the information needs of the nursery industry. The results led to the development and launch of a new format for presentation of R&D outcomes to the nursery industry. Published by NIAA, 'The Nursery Papers' aim to: •present practical information that can be applied by nursery operators •distribute and present R&D results widely and in a uniform style •present clear, concise information written in everyday language. A ‘Guide for authors and editors’ was published to ensure a consistent style of presentation and to provide guidance to authors on how to make them interesting reading. A 1997 reader survey found more than 61% read half or more of the 'TNP' and found them useful or very useful.

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NY515 - Monitoring and Treatment of Recycled Water for Nursery and Floriculture Production

25 January 2011

A survey of agricultural chemicals in run-off and dam water at 15 Australian nurseries showed that fungicides and weedicides were often present, but at levels below that which would cause a risk to plant production if water was recycled, and levels were below that required by EPA guidelines. This 1997 report presents the world’s best practices treatments using ozone, chlorine dioxide, ultra-violet light and chloro-bromination to treat water for the effective control of a range of fungal pathogens of cut flower crops and nursery plants. The report includes a table to assist growers choose the best method of disinfection system for their nursery and a summary of disinfestation recommendations.

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NY610 - Attend International Organisation for Biological Control (IOBC) Conference, Montpellier

25 January 2011

A researcher, Stephen Goodwin, attended the International Organisation for Biological Control conference on “Technology Transfer in Biological Control from Research to Practice” in Montpellier, France in September 1996 and presented a poster paper. Abstracts of invited and submitted conference papers were pre-published and are available from the researcher. The conference provided valuable information particularly in the areas of overseas developments in biopesticides, biocontrols for plant diseases, and artificial rearing methods for mass rearing of biocontrol agents.

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NY97036 - Technology transfer in the Queensland Nursery Industry Association State Conference

25 January 2011

The Queensland Nursery Industry Association (QNIA) held its inaugural State Conference in October, 1997. The major benefits for the 180 participants were: •Queensland nursery operators were made aware of the amount and quality of research being undertaken for the nursery industry on a national basis •delegates were able to follow up specific speakers on issues such as water use, fertiliser applications, nursery hygiene, integrated pest management (IPM), environmental self-audit, dispatch costs and benchmarking. This final report contains a copy of all session reports and speaker papers.

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NY413 - Investigation of Sand Filtration for Nursery Recycling Systems

25 January 2011

Trials into the world’s oldest water treatment process - sand filtration - have shown it effectively controls Phytophthora and Fusarium in recycled nutrient solutions and contaminated irrigation water in hydroponic systems. This project resulted in recommendations for improved operation and construction of filters for maximum efficacy. It recommended slow sand filtration be used as an effective alternative to other methods of chemical disinfestation and water treatment in the hydroponics industry.

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NY110 - Insecticidal Control of Cane Weevil in Palms

25 January 2011

Chemical and cultural controls of sugarcane weevil borer in palms were investigated in this 1990-93 study. The study recommended: •Spray the ground around the base of the palm, seedlings and small plants (to one metre) with 5 mL/L (larger plants with 10 mL/L) of product containing 600 g/L Chlorpyrifos to the point of run-off at times of peak weevil activity. •Do not use bagasse in a potting medium or as a mulch around the base of potted or in-ground trees, as female beetles are attracted to this material. •Remove and destroy old and dead fronds as adult beetles shelter behind leaf bases during daylight. •Do not sell infested plants and destroy any heavily infested ones. All plants leaving a nursery should be checked for obvious signs of infestation.

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NY414 - Improving Nursery Irrigation, Drainage and Re-cycling Practices with Training Workshops

25 January 2011

WATERWORK, an innovative training program for nursery operators, has resulted in significant changes to Australian nursery practice during the past five years and led to major water savings and productivity increases for the $500-million-a-year nursery industry. Strong industry demand for the program has meant more than 30 workshops have been run Australia-wide, and a training manual developed. After attending a WATERWORK workshop many nursery operators have adopted better irrigation practices and changed irrigation techniques which, in some cases, has prduced better and more even plant growth while substantially reducing water use.

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NY523 - Varietal Improvement of Indoor Plants by Selection to Withstand Stresses of the Indoor Environment

25 January 2011

Our indoor environments may be more polluted than the outdoors, with over 250 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) having been identified in indoor atmospheres. Although these are present only in trace amounts, it now seems that ‘sick-building syndrome’ is more the result of exposure to cocktails of chemicals, than to micro-organisms circulating in the air conditioning. This project investigated the ability of some common ‘international’ indoor plant species to absorb VOCs, and assessed their stress responses following exposure to the hazardous chemicals. The information will be used to improve plant varieties to allow them to absorb more VOCs and better survive in the indoor environment.

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NY612 - Disinfestation Protocols for Equipment Used in the Nursery Industry

25 January 2011

This 1996 literature review showed that there was not enough knowledge on the efficacy of disinfectants used in nurseries to provide reliable guidelines for controlling plant pathogens that contaminate propagating and cutting tools, nursery benches, paths and other surfaces. The control of algae, moss and lichen in nurseries was found to be based on copper compounds or herbicides which are now out of date. Many chemicals have been tested as algicides but their effectiveness and usefulness in the Australian nursery is unknown. Future research should identify the efficacy of control methods, identify appropriate chemicals and application rates for use in Australia. Information on the control of algae, mosses and liverworts will benefit the horticultural industry with increases in plant quality and production, a reduction in costs, and clean, hygienic nurseries.

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NY539 - Implementation of Improved Business Practices for Proteaflora Certification to AS/NZS ISO9002

25 January 2011

In 1996 the Horticultural Research and Development Corporation assisted in the certification of an Australian nursery, Proteaflora, for its Quality Management system. Proteaflora achieved certification to International Quality Standard, ISO9002 in December 1996, after implementing a program of developing and improving all administrative and nursery activities to meet the standards, and producing documentation to support the quality activities. Employee involvement, customer focus and customer service, quality products, and quality service were used as key indicators for measuring the program’s success.

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NY317 - Biological control of palm leaf beetle

25 January 2011

In 1994, the parasitoid Tetrastichus brontispae (Ferriere) was imported from Guam to far north QLD for biological control of the destructive Palm leaf beetle, Brontispa longissima Gestro. T. brontispae was mass cultured and released at 11 sites around Cairns from 1994-95 to establish at two. The parasite also established at one of eight release sites in Cooktown. T. brontispae has shown potential to exert significant control of Palm leaf beetle. However, this study showed the parasite must be established at a greater number of sites for this control to impact on current levels of Palm leaf beetle infestation. Further work is underway.

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NY404 - Improving in House Research Capacity of the Nursery Industry

25 January 2011

A 1994-97 study to examine the feasibility of harnessing nurseries’ ability to conduct their own scientific research confirmed its potential after 12 of 14 nursery-initiated research projects were successful. Study organisers concluded that two days of training and on-going consultative support for nursery operators would assure success.

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NY228 - Development of a National Ornamental Crops Database and Information Centre

25 January 2011

“GrowSearch”, a National Ornamental Crop Database and Information Centre, was launched in January 1994. It aimed to provide timely and commercially-relevant information to the Australian nursery industry and cut flower trade, with equitable and easy access to the service for all. Although Horticultural Research and Development Corporation funding was not continued after the initial 12 months, the service was renamed “GrowSearch Australia” and taken over by the Department of Primary Industries, Queensland. It continues to be one of the most successful specialist information centres for rural industry in Australia, with more than 13,500 records on the database and 215 subscribers.

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NY543 - Overseas trip to attend IOBC Conference at Vienna

25 January 2011

The IOBC/West Palaearctic Regional Section (WPRS) working group on pest management in greenhouses, in Vienna, Austria, in May 1996, was attended by more than 100 delegates from 22 countries. The working group confirmed that biological control is a key priority in western Europe and gradually expanding from its mainstay of greenhouse vegetables into ornamental crops. The conference program featured workshop sessions on key pests and issues, including the use of unregistered bio-controls and bio-control failures, and visits to local greenhouses practising Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This report outlines the conference information relevant to Australia’s greenhouses and highlights of a visit to IPM specialists in the UK.

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NY511 - Acquisition of Overseas Nutrient Discharge Technology for Evaluation by Australian Nurseries

25 January 2011

This 1995 study of overseas nutrient discharge technology recommended sub-irrigation systems be more extensively evaluated for containerised nursery stock production in Australia. The report also recommends: •investigating whether recycled nursery runoff water needs to be chemically treated •looking at slow sand filtration as an alternative to chemicals for disinfestation of run-off water •independently reviewing the disease suppressive qualities of composted sawdust-pinebark substrates in light of contradictory overseas findings •researching the release characteristics of 6-14 month controlled-release fertiliser formulations

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NY209 - Development of Steam-Air Treatments for Control of Seed Borne Diseases of Flower Seeds

25 January 2011

A steam-air seed treating machine for the control of seedborne diseases was developed for the nursery industry and successfully commercialised, in this 1992-95 project. The new machine was programmed to automatically heat treat and dry seed at temperatures and times set by the operator. A significant advantage of steam-air treatments over hot water treatments is that, at the end of the process, seed is cool, dry, ready for sowing and has superior germination when compared with hot water-treated seed. This report outlines the design features of the machine and outlines preferred treatments for stock, lobelia, cineraria, phlox and brassica seeds.

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NY229 - Evaluation of Indigenous Biological Control Agents for Thrips and Broad Mite on Ornamentals

25 January 2011

This 1992-95 study confirmed indigenous predacious mites may attack many local and introduced pest species of ornamentals. It recommends the predators discovered in the study and code-named species A, B and C for commercial-in-confidence reasons, be further investigated. The study also suggests the Verticillium lecanii fungal disease associated with Broadmite and aphids may be developed into a potential biological control method. It recommends trials be conducted to determine whether indigenous predators are starting to evolve resistance to pesticides.

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NY406 - Control of Downy Mildews in Nursery Seedlings

25 January 2011

Downy mildew on seedlings (pansies, stocks and brassicas) is the major disease problem for Australia’s nursery industry, with losses estimated at $4 million a year This project, conducted from 1994 - 1997, developed management practices which have resulted in a 80-100% drop in the incidence of downy mildew on brassicas and a 100% drop on stocks in commercial nurseries in Victoria. Sales of stock seedlings have risen 30%. The report recommended management practices to reduce downy mildew: • controlled watering • ventilation • nutrition • hygiene • adopt fungicide protocols (when phosphonic acid is registered).

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NY533 / NY532 - Attendance at the Australasian Plant Pathology Society Conference - CRC/Uni of Qld

25 January 2011

This QLD conference focused on a Phytophthora, one of the main plant pathogens in Australia. Networking at the conference led to design of a joint project to study Phytophthora parasitica on tropical fruit. A follow-up three-day workshop - DNA Fingerprinting in Plant Pathology: an Introduction - involved 21 plant pathologists who exchanged identification and detection methods and Phytophthora strains with researchers in plant industries who work with Phytophthora disease problems.

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NY113 - Herbicide Tolerance of Container Grown Nursery Stock

25 January 2011

his 1991-93 project investigated the herbicides and application methods used by nursery operators to control weeds in container-grown stock. It anticipated the broader use of Rout™ and Ronstar™ granular formulations for weed control and found that 37% of nursery operators apply herbicides as granular formulations. The report recommends researching new herbicide options and registrations to provide nursery operators with more control avenues.

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NY215 - An Assessment of the Insect and Mite Pests and their Management in NSW North Coast Nurseries

25 January 2011

This 1992-93 project developed a profile of pests and pest management across the NSW North Coast Nursery Industry. Twenty two pests were uncovered, including four non-arthropod pests. The study demonstrated a limited awareness amongst nursery operators of biological control and the potential for use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) procedures. However, nursery operators expressed reservations about using chemical pest management and were likely to adopt improved integrated pest management systems if these systems could be shown to be cost effective and robust.

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NY128 - Identifying Opportunities for the Improvement of Material Handling and Production Efficiency

25 January 2011

This 1991-94 study looked at opportunities to improve the transport and handling of nursery plants. It recommended an Australian Standard Size for plant transport trolleys, a set of structural and operational criteria which plant transport trolley should meet and a national trolley interchange system to improve the efficiency of plant transport. It also produced a video showing current nursery mechanisation trends in Europe, the US and Australia. This report contains details of nursery equipment suppliers in Australia and overseas.

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NY138 - Compilation of Guidelines for a Proposed National Nursery Accreditation Scheme

25 January 2011

This report is a statement of each state nursery industry associationís stance on nursery accreditation in 1991, and presents preliminary guidelines for further debate and resolution at the national meeting of state chairpersons in August 1992. It suggests compromises would be needed to develop a national scheme which would be a major achievement and of international interest.

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NY025 - Soil solarisation of a nursery potting mix

25 January 2011

Clear Polyethylene Mulch (CPM) or clear plastic eliminates soilborne disease and increases soil nutrient availability and hence plant growth, this 1990-92 study found. The study also showed that two layers of 25-50micron plastic mulch were more effective than one and that the mulch controlled most annual and perennial weeds. The mulch is particularly effective in the hot summer months.

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AH07026 - The Current and Future Human Resource Needs of Australian Agriculture

21 January 2011

In carrying out the research, it was understood that industry organizations hold considerable concerns about the robustness and reliability of industry labour statistics, therefore this may be able to be reached on what conclusions may be able to be reached. To a large extent, the focus of the research has therefore been to identify the information gaps that currently exist on these issues, and to propose ways that information gaps could be overcome in order to better inform policy or actions aimed at addressing agricultural labour and skill shortages.

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NY08017 – 2009 IPPS Conference

21 January 2011

The purpose of this conference was to promote a greater knowledge of plant propagation in Australia and New Zealand. This was achieved by covering issues of technical trend in plant propagation in relation to root system development techniques, plant selection and breeding. Technology transfer achieved through conference session by leading industry colleagues from both Australia and New Zealand. Site visits to nurseries and research establishments, practical workshop sessions and by the networking of delegates throughout the conference.

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NY07002 – Landscape Awards 2007

21 January 2011

In the celebrating its 24th annual Landscape Construction Excellence Awards in 2007, Queensland needed to push the promotional potential of landscaping to industry to bring landscaping excellence to the forefront at a time when consumer and commercial confidence in investing in landscape construction was suffering a downturn. This was as a result of significant environmental factors including the worst drought in 70 years accompanied by unprecedented water restrictions imposed by both state and local governments. The purpose of this report was to develop and implement a Queensland based State Awards program in 2007 that can link in with a proposed national landscape excellence awards program in 2008.

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NY07022 – Development of a PDA Compatible Electronic Pictorial Pest and Disease Database

21 January 2011

Using HTML based technology this project has published a field identification guide in a format suitable for use on a Personal digital Assistants and Smartphone’s. the ‘Pests, Diseases, Disorders and Beneficial in Ornamentals: Field ID Guide’ has been available as a hardcopy printed pocket guide for some years, first edition published in 2000, and is a valuable aid to identifying problems in production nurseries and other ornamental crops. The project further sourced specific weed information and under approval from the relevant parties utilised the content of ‘Common Weeds of Container Nurseries and their Control’.

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AH03002 - Area Wide Management of Fruit Fly

21 January 2011

This project has demonstrated for the first time in Australia that area wide management of Queensland fruit fly is possible in a major horticultural production area where fruit fly is a year round endemic pest. The study area was Queensland’s major citrus production region in the central Burnett, an area of approximately 70km by 12 km along the Burnett River and surrounding the towns of Gayndah and Mundubbera. The area includes approximately 2000 hectares of citrus across 71 orchards, 370 hectares of table grapes and 50 hectares of mangoes.

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NY02027 - Understanding of Global Trends

20 January 2011

This tour has resulted in extensive industry media coverage, the development of international industry contracts and networks, international promotion of our products, services and accreditation schemes especially the Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme, Australia as well as increased motivation and enthusiasm from industry members for their professional development.  The nursery businesses that were visited should be congratulated for opening their doors to their American colleagues. The information exchange that resulted proved to be very beneficial to both parties.

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NY03005 - Planning and Development

20 January 2011

The NIASA is the Nursery industry's premier programfor recognising best practice within nurseries across the country. the maintenance and growth of the program in its role in supporting the indsutry is reliant on the execution of the Annual Operating Plan for which the overall responsibility is changed with the National Industry development Manager of NGIA.  This report summarises activity conducted as part of the Annual Operating Plan for the period of July 2003 to June 2004.

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HALproject - National Industry Conference and Exhibition

14 January 2011

The program was developed by a team of industry representatives who focused on addressing issues which affected all of industry. This included cooperation between retailers and growers, chain supply management, attracting and keeping good staff and costing for profit. The conference structure included one and half days of plenary and half day visiting local nurseries or garden centres plus key local gardens such as Government House and Cockington Green.  Feedback on the program content/structure recommends, reverting to both plenary and concurrent sessions, having a greater percentage of presentations focusing on technical issues and including latest innovations and technology in the program

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NY09013 - Managing the Nursery Industry National Environmental Policies

14 January 2011

This project provided leadership, support and direction for the Nursery and Garden Industry though the National Environmental and Technical Policy Manager to ensure that industry remained engaged with current and emerging environmental and technical views. The duration of this project was from November 2007 to May 2010 and built on the successful achievements of project NY03036 – Nursery Industry National Environmental Policy Manager. This project ensured that the industry was positioned as the community’s leader on relevant environmental and technical issues, in alignment with the NGI Strategic Plans for 2006-2008 and 2010-2015.

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NY09008 - Final Report Industry Consumer Research Insight Project

14 January 2011

The NGIA Industry and Consumer Insight Project is designed to provide supporting materials to the industry to assist with business development and consumer public relations and promotional activities. The results from this project are communicated to industry via publications such as Clippings and on the NGIA website, as well as external industry publications such as Green World, Australian Horticulture magazine and Hort Journal. The outcomes will also continue to be used as the platform to ensure that communications, public relations and marketing addresses relevant issues imperative to the future growth of the industry. The development of a Draft Marketing and Communications Strategy for the industry will enable firm plans to be drawn up for 2010-2012 that reflect the stakeholder needs as formulated in the Industry Development Needs Report.

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NY09017 - Industry Stakeholder Marketing

14 January 2011

The aim of this project is to encourage increased levels of industry participation through campaigns and events designed to gain awareness, engagement, and participation. The areas of business improvement and best practice that this project focuses on relates specifically to the Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme Australia (NIASA) and to the modules covered under  the Farm Management System (FMS) which are the Environmental Management System (EcoHort) and the Biosecurity Program (BiosecureHACCP). Increasing levels of industry participation results in an increased professionalism, greater customer focused activity, the supply of quality plant material, supplying the product requirement to meet customer needs. By developing and implementing effective marketing of these programs, will not only reinforce the professionalism of the industry but also engage more participants.

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NY09027 - National Analysis of the Aus Landscape Industry

14 January 2011

Statistics are collected on most aspects within Australia. They capture vital information about the economic performance, the well-being of industry, population and the condition of our environment etc. They form the basis of our democracy and provide us with the necessary knowledge to assess the health and progress of our society. Landscaping Australia Inc. takes on a leadership role on issues that require a national perspective. One of the main focuses of LA is to promote career path development, education and training along with professional business management development.

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NY09025 - Australian Region of International Plant Propagators Society IPPS Conference 2010

14 January 2011

The purpose of the conference was to promote a greater knowledge of propagation techniques throughout Australia via the content of the conference sessions; the networking opportunities at functions and during the tours and in the longer term via the ongoing correspondence with contact made during the conference.  Overall, delegates were given ample opportunities to learn, to be challenged and to network with others in the industry.

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NY09031 - Landscaping the Positives in an Economic Downturn

14 January 2011

Even though the delegate numbers were down to previous years due to the economic climate, there were some attendees from the regions. Those that attended confirmed the quality of the speakers and the topics and said they were relevant for these tough economic times. The conference provided the ideal networking opportunity.

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NY09032 - Australian Landscape National Conference, SA

14 January 2011

Agreement between HAL and the Australian Landscape Industry Association Inc has been agreed to and signed. The Australian Landscape Industry Association conference and awards are held approximately every two years. The last one was held in QLD on the Gold Coast in 2006. This year’s conference is being hosted by South Australia and will be held at the National Wine Centre in Adelaide on 15-17 October. A steering committee of six was convened to develop and prepare to plan for the event. This includes development and clarification of the conference content, identify the skills participants will take away, and format and structure the program so that it flows smoothly and meets ALIA’s needs with appropriate achieved outcomes.

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NY09500 - Nursery Industry Communications and PR

14 January 2011

The 2009/10 Consumer PR Project has continued to build on the achievements of the communications and Public Relations projects of the last three years in raising consumer awareness of the benefits of gardens in the Australian lifestyle. This includes the promotion of specific environmental messages to encourage an increase in green life sales as well as communicating with the industry to foster their support and follow through in retail.

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NY09035 - City in a Garden Tour Singapore

14 January 2011

The 2009/10 Consumer PR Project has continued to build on the achievements of the communications and Public Relations projects of the last three years in raising consumer awareness of the benefits of gardens in the Australian lifestyle. This includes the promotion of specific environmental messages to encourage an increase in green life sales as well as communicating with the industry to foster their support and follow through in retail.

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NY09910 - Final Report Partnership Agreement

14 January 2011

IAC reviewed key industry priorities as identified in the Industry Strategic Plan 2010-2015. They also discussed the issues identified in the BCA review of Industry Investments and made recommendations on how future measurement must include financial data. There was discussion on reportage provided so members could clearly identify how programs were progressing. The Summary reports provide by Hal were commended and further refinement will be considered for the next meeting.

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PA57134 - Increasing Adoption of Irrigation and Water Recycling Technologies in Australian Nurseries

14 January 2011

The aim of this project was to identify and evaluate irrigation scheduling tools and techniques appropriate for use within container production nurseries and quantify water savings that can be achieved by utilising these. This would then be used to retrofit production nurseries to achieve and accurately measure the resultant water use efficiencies. An Economic Model would then be developed for use by Industry in discussions with growers to upgrade their irrigation systems to both save water and increase production. All key objectives have been achieved and the data will be considerable benefit to all industries looking to improve their irrigation systems.

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QO91023 - Survey of Potting Media, Components & Mixes

14 January 2011

Nursery operators throughout Queensland generally make their own potting media rather than purchasing ready-made media from a media manufacturer and they produce media for a specific purpose; propagation, indoor plants, outdoor plants, palms or fruit trees. The nutritional status of potting media used throughout Queensland was generally poor. Media nutrition must be considered more carefully by nursery operators if maximum plant growth and plant quality are to be achieved. This is especially the case in media containing hardwood sawdust where nitrogen nutrition is of particular concern.

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NY08027 - Regional Publications for Nursery and Garden Industry

14 January 2011

With the matched funding for supporting regional communications being separated from the 2008-2009 Partnership agreement and also reduced, this project is seen as a transitional stage to ensure that regional stakeholder communications are refined to meet industry needs. States have been advised of the "New requirements" regarding these publications and the need for greater emphasis and communication of industry specific and technical issues. The role of NGIA in this project will be to manage the funding disbursement and coordination of reporting for HAL.

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NY08023 - NGIA Communications- Publications

14 January 2011

Nursery & Garden Industry Australia (NGIA) Communications project delivers comprehensive and timely communications via electronic and print periodicals to industry stakeholders and interested parties. The various vehicles used by NGIA combine to ensure that whole of industry is informed and kept up to date on matters relevant to the industry and levy funded initiatives. While information may be repeated across the range of formats, experience has shown that with such a diverse industry both in terms of engagement and structure, it is important that levy payers have access to the information in a variety of formats

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NY08016 - Economic Assessment of HAL Investment in Four Project Clusters for the Nursery Industry

14 January 2011

This report presents the results of economic analyses of investments within the Nursery R&D Program of Horticulture Australia. The Program is funded by statutory levies paid by industry participants, with matching funding provided by the Australian Government up to 0.5 per cent of the industry's gross value of production. The principal purpose of the economic analyses was to contribute to a process being undertaken for the Council of Rural Research & Development Corporation Chairs (CRRDC) that aims to demonstrate through examples the outcomes and benefits that have emerged or are likely to emerge from the 15 Rural Research and Development Corporations (RDCs). Valuation of these benefits, along with identification of investment expenditure, is required in order to demonstrate their contribution to Australian rural industry as well as environmental and social benefits to Australia.

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NY08014 - Industry Development Needs Assessment (IDNA) for the Nursery and Garden Industry

14 January 2011

The Nursery Industry Development Needs Assessment was undertaken during June – August 2009. Utilising a combination of Turning Point technology and surveys, industry input was received from a good cross section of businesses throughout Australia. From this industry input and analysis of previous strategic industry studies, the Needs Assessment Team (NAT) identified a number of key areas for future industry investment. These build on existing programs undertaken by the industry and those proposed for the period 2010-2012.

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NY08015 - Further development of the Garden Market Monitor - Milestone 190 100825

14 January 2011

The purpose of this document is to review and conclude the Further Development of Garden Market Monitor (GMM) project NY 08015 that has operated over the two-year period ending 30 June 2010.  During this period, under the two-year project, four reports on the domestic Garden Market were delivered. During the life of NY 08015, the outputs were further developed in both refining the existing content as well as incorporating new content. This was undertaken to improve the relevance of the report and provide greater insight on the drivers of performance and future prospects of the garden industry.

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NY08011 - Kids Grow School Projects

14 January 2011

The Nursery Industry has developed the KidsGrow School project over the past 5 years to a stage where it requires external funding to expand the program to a wider range of schools. The schools that have been involved with the program over the 2008-2009 periods have shown that the interactive experiential learning process is successful but requires in field mentoring support to assist the teachers with delivery of the program. A key element of the program was a requirement that external funding be secured to enable the program to expand in the future. Key aspects in the development of a sponsorship proposal were delayed due to delays in getting final reports from the participating schools.

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NY08009 - Industry & Stakeholder Marketing

14 January 2011

The Nursery and Garden Industry has developed three key programs addressing Industry Best Practice, Business Improvement and Individual Skills Recognition. These programs are available to all levy payers and businesses engaged with the industry. These programs require marketing to stakeholders to secure engagement and growth. This is conducted utilising a range of promotional devices and events. This project aimed to build on the investment made over the past two years and detailed in projects NY06015 and NY07501.

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NY08010 - Final Report Industry Consumer Research and Insight

14 January 2011

The NGIA Industry and Consumer Insight Project 2008/09 comprised of four key segments: Media Training, Consumer Research via (Newspoll), Environment communications and marketing/ Communications  Committee, All the activities are designed to provide the industry with on-going expertise and consultation to assist in assessing consumer needs, market trends and the direction of industry development. The results from this project are communicated to industry via publications such as e-CommPost, Clippings and Nursery Papers and on the NGIA website, as well as external industry publications such as Green World, Australian Horticulture magazine and Hort journal. The outcomes of this will also continue to be used as the platform to ensure that communications, public relations and marketing addresses relevant issues imperative to the future growth of the industry.

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NY08007 - Managing Business Development for Nursery Industry

14 January 2011

The aim of Managing Business Development for Nursery Industry 08-09 is to facilitate the ongoing development of industry skills in the areas of business management, HR management, marketing and retailing. It provides funding to each NGI State Association as service providers to extend national business improvement initiatives to the whole industry and is a continuation of the Business Skills projects NY06015 and NY07016. This project is linked into other Nursery Industry programs including Awards and Accreditation, Industry and Stakeholder Marketing as well as general extension activities for Training and Environmental issues.

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NY08006 - Improvements in Supply Chain Efficiencies and Logistics for the NGI

14 January 2011

This report presents summaries of the findings and recommendations from a review of supply chain and logistics management in the Australian Nursery and Garden Industry. This review was undertaken as a first step to what is intended to be a major initiative to improve overall industry performance. The proposed Action Plan for implementing this initiative is also included in this Summary Report.

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NY08003 - Industry Communications & PR

14 January 2011

The 2008/09 Communications and Public Relations activities have continued to build on the achievements of 2006/07 (NY06020 Communications & Public Relations 06/07) and 2007/08 (NY07500 Communications & Public Relations 07/08) in raising consumer awareness of the benefits of gardens in the Australian lifestyle, including specific environmental messages, to encourage an increase in green-life sales as well as communicating with the industry to foster their support and follow-through in retail.

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NY08001 - National Training Recog

14 January 2011

The primary objective of the 2008/9 project is to continue to support and strengthen the skill development framework created in the previous project (NY07008) and to introduce some new objectives into the training and recognition program. Continued support and input from the industry’s Training & Recognition committee, state associations, training providers and skill council ensure that training & recognition activities remain relevant and realistic to the needs of businesses operating in the current environment - affected by drought, lifestyle changes and competition.

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NY08002 - Environmental and Technical Extension

14 January 2011

The aim of this project was to provide a coordinated response to key environmental and technical issues that impact on the sustainability of the Australian Nursery & Garden Industry (NGI). This project builds on the successful achievements of earlier environmental and technical extension projects to ensure industry is equipped with the tools and knowledge to address key environmental issues. Key areas of focus included; climate change, invasive species, biosecurity, and natural resource management.

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NY07501 - Industry and Stakeholder Marketing

14 January 2011

The aim of this project was to increase levels of industry participation through increased awareness, interaction and participation in national industry projects and activities. The key element of this project is the industry’s business improvement and recognition programs. These programs focus on improving industry businesses having regard to business practices, site management, operational considerations and risk management. The programs also incorporate marketing strategies into their guidelines for a well rounded approach to business. The key activities of this project aim to provide tangible benefits to participants of the programs and seek to encourage support of these participants by industry and stakeholders. The ultimate benefit of this is increased participation and awareness in industry programs and stakeholders seeking to find these businesses.

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TU07034 - The Environmental, Social, Economic and Health Benefits of Turf Grasses

14 January 2011

This literature review is aimed at bringing that study up to date, expanding on its base, and attempting to relate the findings within the context of the Australian turf grass industry. With recent severe water shortages and the fear of climate change, the general public within Australia and the USA is developing a negative environmental image for turf grass ( Robbins & Sharp, 2003). This is because turf grass requires to be maintained regularly, involving mowing, fertilizing and watering. These three practices utilise water, a limited resource, create greenhouse emissions (from petrol mowers), and expose the environment to possible chemical pollution from fertiliser and pesticide usage.

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NY07500 - Communication & PR 2007/08

14 January 2011

The 2007/08 Communications and Public Relations activities have continued to build on the achievements of 2006/07 (NY06020 Communications & Public Relations 06/07) in raising consumer awareness of the benefits of gardens in the Australian lifestyle. This includes the promotion of specific environmental messages, to encourage an increase in green-life sales as well as communicating with the industry to foster their support and follow-through in retail. Media will continue to be monitored to alert the industry to opportunities and issues that are relevant and to build stronger media relations and enable the association to speak to both industry and consumers with a unified voice. This can be accomplished at a national level, to further ensure a unified industry message.

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NY07029 - Managing Pesticide Access in Horticulture

14 January 2011

The project was funded by HAL to coordinate and consolidate the minor-use permit for all of horticulture. The project involved liaising with horticultural industry bodies, researchers and advisors to determine their pesticide requirements and coordinate any data that needed to be generated to ensure maximum efficiency.  This report summarises the processes undertaken with industry and the applications submitted in the project.

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NY07016 - Increasing Industry Uptake of the Nursery Industry Nat Bus Dev Prog

14 January 2011

The aim of this project was to provide a person to manage and implement the activities and programs to deliver the nursery industry accreditation schemes and awards program and increase their uptake across the nursery and garden industry. The ultimate purpose of these schemes is to increase the professionalism of the industry thereby creating an environment where plants and gardens are valued and the sale of quality greenlife is encouraged. The outcomes of these programs have been detailed and supplied in the milestone and final reports already submitted for these projects.

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NY07014 - Managing Nursery Industry National Training programs

14 January 2011

The Nursery Industry Training & Recognition Manager (NTRM) plays a vital role in the up-skilling of industry with the aim of achieving a more highly skilled industry workforce brought about by the delivery of training that is focused on industry needs. Apart from managing relevant projects on behalf of industry, the NTRM ensures that the industry is well represented on the committees, forums and skills councils that play a vital role in delivering training to industry. The aim of the role is also to build strong relationships with training providers and government departments which are involved in the delivery of vocational training. As input into the national training agenda and maintenance of these relationships is so vital to industry, it is important that the industry owns these relationships rather than outsources them. Liaison with the NGI state associations is also an essential part of the role. The NTRM oversees the progression of training initiatives, careers program, as well as the industry's recognition program Certified Nursery Professional. The interrelationship between training and recognition is a key element in the role of the manager.

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NY07015 - Management Industry Comms and PR

14 January 2011

The nursery and garden industry’s needs for communications and PR cannot simply be met by time based projects. Building of relationships with government, media, key opinion leaders and industry stakeholders and third parties are an integral part of the success of present and future industry projects. Key industry messages always have extra clout when delivered by third parties and moving forward it continues to be in the industry’s best interest to continue to work with garden celebrities and experts.

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NY07013 - May 2010 Managing NI National Environmental Policies

14 January 2011

This project provided leadership, support and direction for the Nursery & Garden Industry (NGI) through the National Environmental & Technical Policy Manager (NETPM) to ensure that industry remained engaged with current and emerging environmental and technical issues. The duration of this project was from November 2007 to May 2010 and built on the successful achievements of project NY06036 – Nursery Industry National Environmental Policy Manager. This project ensured that the industry was positioned as the community’s leader on relevant environmental and technical issues, in alignment with the NGI Strategic Plans for 2006-2008 and 2010-2015.

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NY07010 – KidsGrow

14 January 2011

The NGIA KidsGrow Project 2007/08 (NY07010) was comprised of five segments including the KidsGrow School program development and promotion; KidsGrow@Home development and promotion; Industry program development and promotion; Sourcing of Funding and Sponsorship; and School Pilot Project evaluation. All the activities were designed to provide the industry with a sustainable and long-term strategy to engage children in gardening through educational programs and activities both at school and at home.

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NY07011 – Communications Research & Development

14 January 2011

The NGIA Communications Research & Development Project 2007/08 comprised of four segments including Media Training, Consumer Research; the formation of an expert garden panel and maintenance of the Marketing/Communications Committee. Each of the activities was designed to provide the industry with on-going expertise and consultation to assist in assessing consumer needs, market trends and the direction of industry development. The information gleaned from this project was made available to industry through publications such as Clippings, e-CommPost, Nursery Papers and the NGIA website. It also provided important opportunities to collaborate with industry stakeholders and experts to gather information imperative for content development for the consumer public relations campaign.

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NY07009 - Management and Administration - Nursery Accreditation and Awards

14 January 2011

The aim of this project was to provide a mechanism for the management and ongoing development of the Nursery Industry’s accreditation and awards schemes to ensure the provision of tools relevant to all businesses through an administratively well structured program that is accessible to whole of industry. To enable and facilitate industry guidance and input into the Awards and accreditation programs relevant committees were established for each program. This structure ensures effective management of the programs and industry buy in.

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NY07008 - Industry Training & Recognition August 08 Final Report

14 January 2011

The aim of the 2007/2008 Training & Recognition strategy was to ensure that industry skill development activities remain cost-effective, less resource-intensive and deliver the learning outcomes required by industry to prosper in the current and future competitive environment. The focus of the project has been on delivering the following outcomes, development of new national workshop packages, including training reference materials and participant manuals based on the analysis of industry skills need; development of industry Unit Guides to support national training package qualifications planned to lessen issues that are frequently raised by business owners, such as the ‘dumbed down’ content of current qualifications; increasing the visibility and attractiveness of Career Pathways in the Nursery & Garden Industry; increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of state-implemented workshops; Investigation into e-learning opportunities; administration of the Certified Nursery Professional (CNP) recognition program.

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NY07003 - Propagators Study Tour

14 January 2011

A study tour was organized to coincide with the IPPS events and to also visit some key Californian nurseries and gardens. Key to the tour was that each participant would give a report on one aspect of the USA industry; a photo diary would be kept along with a regular discussion to take place on tour.

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NY07006 - Environmental and Technical v1 110808

14 January 2011

The objective of the project was to build on the platform established with the 2006 project for effective management of environmental issues that were affecting the Nursery and Garden Industry and identification of potential issues that may affect the industry in the future. The key environmental issues for the industry – water, invasive plants, biosecurity and natural resource management continued to require industry focus to ensure that the industry was not disadvantaged by decisions made by parties external to the industry. New issues to confront the industry are directly related to climate change – Emissions Trading, freight and fuel impacts, fertiliser and energy costs. These areas will require greater focus in the future as all of industry faces the future of a carbon constrained economy.

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AH07033 - Incident Response Protocol

14 January 2011

The purpose of this project is to develop guidelines for how the Australian horticultural industry, individual sectors of that industry and individual businesses within those sectors, may manage incidents that may lead to a crisis, and to provide basic incident management awareness training to industry members.

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NY07017 - Business Skills Development

14 January 2011

The aim of this project was to develop industry skills in the areas of business management, HR management, marketing and retailing skills. The project provided funding to each NGI State Association for use for specific activities related to achieving business skills improvement. NGIA intends to implement these contracts individually with each State NGI Association together with a range of support reporting templates to help streamline the reporting structure. This process will ensure that accurate figures are recorded regularly and that figures are supported by evidentiary material.

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NY06001 - Accreditation for National Interior Plantscapers

14 January 2011

The purpose of this report was to further develop the existing Australian indoor plant hire industry accreditation scheme administered by the National Interior Plantscapes Association in three ways. Firstly NIPA established a renewal of accreditation process to apply after the initial two years businesses had been accredited. Secondly, NIPA ensured all operatives within the Australian interior plantscape industry had equal opportunity through knowledge and awareness to participate in the scheme. Thirdly, NIPA created a public awareness and confidence with users of interior plantscape industry products and services supplied by accredited businesses.

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NY06014 - Environmental and Technical

14 January 2011

The aim of the project was to provide the mechanism for effective management of environmental issues that were affecting the Nursery and Garden Industry and identification of potential issues that may affect the industry in the future. It had been identified that the key issues of water, industry environmental management and invasive plants were linked and needed to be addressed in a holistic manner with industry being more proactive and engaged with appropriate bodies to ensure the industry’s long-term sustainability.

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NY06013 - Minor Chemical Use and Pesticide Survey

14 January 2011

This report was funded by HAL to investigate the crops, areas, pesticide usage, OH&S, storage, safety and education and participants in the production nursery industry across Australia. The information from working examples of pesticides use in selected nursery crops will be used by the Nursery and Garden Industry Australia to support their claim that they are a minor industry in relation to pesticide use.

 

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NY06015 - Nursery Industry Business Skills

14 January 2011

Each state was slated to receive an agreed amount of funding to provide more specialized and productive advice to the industry – especially the garden centre owners and retailers. In the majority of states, a business Skills Development Officer has been employed on a full time or part time basis to provide more specialized skills in business development, HR management, marketing and retailing skills

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NY06018 - Nursery Accreditation and Awards

14 January 2011

The industry’s accreditation and award schemes are important mechanisms for rewarding and recognising operators who are leading the industry in terms of best business practices. The two accreditation schemes administered by the Nursery & Garden Industry Australia are the Australian Garden Centre Accreditation Scheme (AGCAS) and the Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme (NIASA).

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NY06019 - Industry Training Recog Final Report

14 January 2011

Effective skill development in the industry requires a strong national framework based around identified industry training needs. The aim of 2006/2007 Training & Recognition strategy was to ensure that industry skill development activities remain cost-effective, less resource-intensive and deliver the learning outcomes required by industry to prosper in the current and future competitive environment.

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NY06021 - UTS Project Greening the Great Indoors for Human Health and Wellbeing

14 January 2011

The purpose of this Report is to present the findings of a project undertaken to further an understanding of the benefits of potted-plants on indoor air quality and wellbeing of building occupants, to contribute to ‘greening the city’ for sustainable urban communities. The research comprised: laboratory trials of volatile organic compound (VOC) removal, with three untried species; an office study of minimum numbers of plants required to reduce VOCs and CO2; a preliminary examination of whether plants could, undesirably, increase airborne mould spore loads; and an investigation of effects of plants on psychological wellbeing of staff. The laboratory trials confirmed the species tested have similar capacities to remove VOCs as nine species previously tested. The office study recorded VOC and CO2 reductions, but less marked than in our earlier studies, probably because of greater efficiency of more modern air conditioning systems, and inadequate lighting. Horticultural R&D is required to optimise plant contribution to CO2 removal. No significant effects of plants were found on mould counts or types; indoor counts were very low – one quarter of outdoor loads. Highly significant reductions in negative mood states were found with plants – and one plant can make the difference. Recommendations for further R&D are also presented.

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NY06020 - NGIA Communications

14 January 2011

The NGIA Communications Strategy was a crucial part of implementing the 2006/07 Business Plan. Previously each individual project of the Association had a communications component that was managed by the project manager resulting in a very disjointed voice to media, government, consumers and the industry itself. The 2006/07 plan sought to provide an overall communications strategy to encompass all projects and issues to better utilise staff time, build stronger media relations and enable the association to speak to both industry and consumers with a unified voice.

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NY06025 - Industry Development Officers Extension Final Report

14 January 2011

This report covers the period July 2009- September 2009 as the project was granted an extension to enable the new project to be fully evaluated in accordance with the findings of the Industry Development Needs Assessment. The report should be reviewed in conjunction with project report NY06025 –Milestone 112 which was originally submitted as the Final report. The new funding arrangements for Industry Development focus on the delivery of industry prioritised outcomes rather than incumbents limited to each State.

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NY06509 - Hip and Trendy Advertising Hits the Mark

14 January 2011

The first phase of the consumer marketing campaign, ‘Life is a garden, was launched in August 2006 to encourage consumers to purchase plants and participate in gardening and to try and stop the decline in the garden sector, particularly retail.

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NY06036 - Nursery Industry National Environmental Policy Manager

14 January 2011

The project provided a holistic approach to the management of environmental issues facing the nursery and garden industry. It is closely linked to the Project NY06014 – Environmental & Technical Policy and Extension which was reported on in August 2007. The establishment of the Environment Committee has provided independent direction to projects and activities as well as being a visible commitment from the NGIA Board to position the industry as the community’s leader on relevant environmental issues in alignment with the Nursery and Garden Industry Strategic Plan for 2006-2008

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NY06510 - Industry and Stakeholder Marketing

14 January 2011

The project aim was to continually improve the nursery industry accreditation schemes and awards process and to recognise future industry leaders. This project underpinned several other projects undertaken by NGIA to further engage, promote, and raise the image of the nursery and garden industry with key stakeholders, including the government and the media, and to assist efforts by the industry to sell more plants.

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NY06511 - Consumer Marketing

14 January 2011

The Nursery & Garden Industry had proposed and extensive consumer marketing program to build on the campaign that was launched for Spring 2006. The planning was based on a premise that the Industry would vote to support an increase in the Nursery Levy to be specifically used for Marketing. The program was severely altered once the levy vote was negative and advertising was limited to a minor campaign focused on Mother’s Day and primary message was to Give the Gift that Grows. Other activity was focused on reinforcing the “Life is a garden” brand position for the industries consumer messages. Collateral was provided to growers and retailers that increased exposure for this positioning. One of the key shortfalls from the program is that no pre testing was conducted prior to the activities being undertaken. This has not enabled accurate figures to be generated on the results of the expenditure. It is recommended that any future program be developed with sufficient budget allowance made for pre and post activity testing to be conducted.

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NY05503 - Water Program 2- Developing and Promoting Industry Best Practice Water Use for Production and Retail Nurseries

14 January 2011

The project focused on two key areas for developing industry best practices and the communication of this including improving the industry’s irrigation training package to provide the state associations, industry development officers, and other training operators with simple, easy-to-use materials which can be tailored to suit specific audiences and training needs, and continuing the ‘wise about water’ retail garden centres to be proactive in identifying and providing water conservation solutions to their customers, and to continue to promote positive, balanced and responsible garden water use messages to the wider community.

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NY05506 - Consumer website

14 January 2011

The objective of the consumer website is to communicate directly with consumers, media, garden owners and gardeners about industry programs, key messages, garden information and position on issues relevant to the nursery & garden industry.

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NY05512 - Promoting Plants Regarding Water Requirements

14 January 2011

The nursery and garden industry evaluated the range of schemes in existence and developed a set of draft Guidelines for such schemed that were considered by industry stakeholders at a workshop. This workshop recommended against the development of a nationwide scheme for plant labeling but that guidelines for use by others who had developed or wished to develop such a scheme. The guidelines for any scheme for classifying plants on the basis of water requirements are outlined in the following report.

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NY05025 - Building B2B E-commerce Awareness and Competence

14 January 2011

With funding support from HAL and with the in-kind support of NGIA and GS1 Australia, the Greenlife Industry E-Commerce Group and a number of other industry participants initiated a project to assist organizations in the greenlife industry to further their understanding of B2B e-commerce. The project was conducted in two phase, the aim of phase 1 was to provide the project team with accurate information about the current status of the industry with respect to their awareness and implementation of electronic trading, and the aim of phase 2 was to develop and deliver a B2B awareness program to increase B2B knowledge in the industry.

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NY05007 - International Plant Propagators' Society Conference

14 January 2011

The purpose of the conference was to promote a greater knowledge of plant propagation in Australia. This was achieved by covering issues of technical trend in plant propagation in relation to root system development, water management, propagation environment, miscellaneous propagation techniques and organic remedies for disease management. Technology transfer was achieved through conference sessions by leading industry colleagues, sit visits to nurseries and research establishments, practical workshops sessions and by the networking of delegates throughout the conference.

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NY05005 - Aust Landscape Industry Conference Aug 06

14 January 2011

This event was targeted to provide information within the Australian Landscape Industry and promote qualified professional services, recognition and awareness by the customers, designer, specifier and the government and to ensure the ongoing innovative, world competitive development of this large sustainability industry. The conference also targeted to update the landscape sector on international and national trends in water management and use, horticulture and environmental management, business operations and management through the exchange and acquisition of information. 

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Ensuring a Profitable and Sustainable Agriculture and Food Sector in Australia

14 January 2011

This submission was prepared on behalf of the IMC, with input from committee members, HAL personnel and industry experts. The submission was funded by all horticultural industries through HAL. This submission outlines the benefit of horticulture to Australia; Horticulture markets and associated challenges and new and current ways forward by improving the sector competitiveness and assisting communities to change.

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GIEG - HAL B2B E-Commerce Awareness

14 January 2011

This workshop is an outcome of the GIEG-HAL Project (Phase 2), funded jointly by Horticulture Australia Limited, GIEG Members and additional project participants. The GIEG-HAL Project aims to build awareness of business to business (B2B) e-commerce in the greenlife industry.

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AH05019 - Levies on Imported Products

14 January 2011

The purpose of this report is to investigate the possibility of having existing statutory levies on fresh and processed horticultural produce applied to imported horticultural produce. In response to growing concern threat imports of fresh and processed horticultural food products are increasing and that these imports are gaining advantage from the marketing efforts of levied Australian producers. The research undertaken in this project will assist the horticultural industry in assessing its options and the related processes in regards to implementing changes on imported products.

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NY04506 - Development & Enhancement of the SAWM Scheme

14 January 2011

Through this project the NGIA has been able to contribute to the development of a national labeling scheme for outdoor water use products and services. The key objective of the Smart Approved WaterMark scheme is to assist in the reduction of per capita water consumption in the areas of outdoor water-use via the labeling of appropriate water using/saving products and water related services and organizations.

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NY04036 - Facilitating the Development of the Queensland Landscape industry

14 January 2011

The landscape industry plays a vital role within the urban horticultural industry by the fact that it is a significant buyer of green stock from the production nursery industry. Additional purchases of raw materials such as soil media, mulches, timber, stones, ponds, pumps, irrigation, lighting and other construction materials identify the role of the landscape industry as a significant player in the urbanization and development of cities, suburbs and communities. By opening up both the Certification and Accreditation program to members and non-members more enterprises will see this system as a transparent process that benefits consumers, clients and businesses alike.

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NY04502 - HAL Final Report Flora for fauna

14 January 2011

The Report covers the extension part of the project to June 2007 to acquire a licensing partner for the FFF program and, in the meantime maintain a database, webhosting and administration. This was in line with the NGIA and IAC strategic assessment that the program should continue to focus on natives and look to be commercialized. Following the 2006-08 strategic plan review, and with support of HAL, consumer marketing and environmental issues became strong priorities for the industry. This made it necessary for NGIA to review the previous plans for FFF. The project has now been positioned with environmental marketing under the umbrella message Our Environment, Your Backyard, which also comprises Wise about Water, Grow Me Instead and the annual World Environment Day Promotion. It is now seen as a strong vehicle to reinforce the message to consumers that the best place to start looking after the environment is your own backyard. The PR component of this project has been implemented with Beyond the Square Communications and has comprised an extensive media campaign along with the development and distribution of Retailer Kits to encourage in-store communications of environmental, and more specifically FFF messages.

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NY04030 - Biosecure HACCP

14 January 2011

The aim of the project was to provide the mechanism for industry to adopt the principles of the risk management program as represented by HACCP in a manner that was relevant to the Nursery & Garden Industry and Biosecurity concerns. The project commenced in 2004-05 year to be aligned with the development of the industry Biosecurity plan. The initial concept was for this program to be integrated into the existing NIASA quality control program. This was not possible so a standalone module was developed that is linked via the audit and certification process to the NIASA program. The Guidelines developed and associated material will be utilised by the industry network of Development Officers to get businesses to adopt the program. Guidelines have been developed to enable businesses to implement process including support material provided to Industry Development Network to assist in implementing the program; program presented to attendees at the NGI National Conference in March 2008; auditing software developed to run on PDA’s and the Development of an Industry reporting format to measure industry adoption of Environmental programs.

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NY04031 & NY04500 - Maintain and Enhance the AGCAS

14 January 2011

AGCAS is an industry managed program that aims to improve best management practice within the garden centre segment of the retail sector of the nursery and garden industry. The scheme focuses heavily on assisting businesses to provide consumers with the garden products retail experience. Te scheme presently accredits 117 nationally and has shown a 6% growth over the period that this report represents. The National AGCAS resolved in developing the scheme by incorporating the draft Environmental Management System into its guidelines and to improve the awareness and positioning of the scheme with consumers.

 

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NY04029 - HAL Final Report - EMS EcoHort

14 January 2011

With an increasing focus by government and the community on environmental issues there is a need for the nursery and garden industry to demonstrate that it is committed to sustainable business practices and that it has in place systems to provide for good environmental management. The industry needs to continue to build on its achievements and investments over the past ten years to ensure it can achieve on-going improvements in environmental performance in a range of areas and demonstrate that it has the capacity to minimize its impacts. Critical to this is the adoption of environmental best practice management by individual nursery businesses. The project focused on two key areas for achieving industry best practice and  environmental sustainability, through the adoption of this project the nursery and garden industry will be able to demonstrate on-going improvements in industry best practice environmental management; improve the awareness and understanding, by industry, our consumers and governments, of  the principles of environmental sustainability and the industry’s commitment to environmental stewardship; engage with industry leaders and the wider industry to promote the use of the EcoHort EMS framework and the adoption of environmental best practice.

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NY04025 - International Plant Propagators' Society Conference

14 January 2011

The purpose of this report is to communicate to HAL, and the industry at large the outcomes of the annual conference of the International Plant Propagators Society Australia conference, held in Mildura on April 212005. By outlining the aims of the conference and what was achieved, we will provide an evaluation of the effectiveness and value to industry of the project.

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NY04026 - National IPM Workshops

14 January 2011

The aim of this project is to coordinate and deliver effective, robust training workshops that develop the skills of production nursery staff and managers in the area of integrated pest management. A primary objective of the project was to take an increasingly national approach to the delivery of IPM workshops in the nursery and garden industry and to recognize those who participated.

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NY04016 - Development and Implementation of the Training Program

14 January 2011

The appointment of national skills development manager in January 2005 included taking on the responsibility of outcomes and outputs of ny04016. The overall aim of any training program is to ensure that the training activities implemented in the workforce result in transfer of relevant skills or change in behavior so as to build a more competitive business and strengthen the industry. The findings from this study clearly identified that nearly 70% of business owners/managers participating in the study indicated that training is important or essential to their business success. A higher percentage of NGI members think that training is important compared with non-members. This finding is significant as it emphasizes the importance of continued investment of resources into research and development activities.

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NY04014 & NY04504 - Ongoing Development of Nursery Industry Development Scheme Australia

14 January 2011

This is a final report following on from the Milestone Report, Dated 20 June 2006 that covers initiatives in the milestone report identified as remaining incomplete. It covers both the administration of the Nursery Industry Accreditation scheme Australia and industry and stakeholder marketing of NIASA. The administration and development of NIASA marketing was very focused on both raising the profile of the accreditation scheme within the industry, and promoting the benefits of the scheme to landscape architects, local governments, developers and garden centres.

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NY04005 - Bus Management needs in the NGI

14 January 2011

Nursery and Garden Industry Australia and Horticulture Australia Limited initiated this project to identify success factors for managing nursery and landscaping businesses. This study was done through desktop research, interviews, focus groups and on-line survey. The study involved over 250 industry personnel. Businesses in nursery, gardening and landscaping face a challenging and dynamic industry environment. This environment places a high premium on professional management practices.  The study concludes that there is room for a fresh approach to encouraging the development of management skills. Businesses are optimistic about their future; they understand the need to develop a high level of professionalism in their management.

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NY04010 - Fostering and Enhancing the Best National and State Management and Dev. Officer Structures

14 January 2011

This review was commissioned in response to the recognition that many industry members are finding it increasingly difficult to sustain businesses during the dynamic period of change in the industry and the challenging operating environment of recent years. Whilst not everyone will see virtue in the recommendations of the review, this report provides a platform from which that industry can discuss its position and chart a way forward. We expect it will stimulate lively debate and challenge long held views within the industry. Foremost, we hope it will provide the tools to develop a vision that will ensure sustainability for the Nursery and Garden Industry into the next decade.

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NY04013 - Development of the Certified Nursery Professional

14 January 2011

The Certified Nursery Professional program is the industry’s professional recognition scheme for individuals. It provides an opportunity for participants to gain formal recognition from industry for their knowledge, experience and continual learning. CNP recognition is national and applicable to all industry members including business owners, business managers, employees, trainers, facilitators and industry consultants. Activities under this project have centered on developing a practical business plan for the program and the implementation of administrative and marketing functions to support the plan.

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NY04004 - To Develop A Scoping Study of the Potential for Export of Australia Nursery Intellectual Property

14 January 2011

This project was initiated to explore opportunities for the export of nursery industry intellectual property. Export of plant life from Australia has never reached significant levels and many nurseries have given up, risk from phytosanitary infringements, transport, transport unreliability, etc being too high.  Yet Australia’s unique native flora was generally considered o have an excellent future in both the cut flower and nursery markets. It was felt that export of I/P such as Plant Breeders Rights (PBRs) offered much potential and would avoid the problems of live plant export.

 

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AH04009 - Coordination of Minor Use Permits for Horticulture

14 January 2011

This project was funded by Horticulture Australia Ltd to coordinate and consolidate the minor-use permit for all of horticulture. The project involved liaising with horticultural industry bodies, researchers and advisors to determine their pesticide requirements and coordinate and data that needed to be generated to ensure maximum efficiency. Residue data generation was contracted with qualified field researchers and analytical laboratories to ensure that they completed the designated task allotted to them with respect to data generation. Minor-use permit applications were written and submitted to the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority for permit approval. This report summarises that processes undertaken with industry and the applications submitted.

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NY03046 - Hazard Analysis & Critical Control Point

14 January 2011

The Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme, Australia (NIASA) has provided a blueprint for professional management of production nurseries and growing media suppliers since 1994. The project was commissioned by Nursery and Garden Industry, Australia to conduct a generic Hazard Analyst and Critical Control Point (HACCP) based risk assessment of production nurseries and growing media supply businesses in order to review the activities described in NIASA. The project assessed plant health, quarantine and, where relevant, food safety risks. The HACCP based risk assessment aims to augment and validate the NIASA best management practice guidelines.

 

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NY03028 - Australian Garden Awards

14 January 2011

The program was very successfully delivered o time, within budget and according to plan. Entrants and winners were ‘celebrated’ in publicity, throughout the communications associated with the program, as various state finalists functions and in particular in the audio-visual presentation and ceremony at the gala awards night. The AGIA’s are seen as the premier national recognition of excellence in Garden Centre retailing.

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NY03038 - Past, Current and Planned Activity by Water Authorities and Others

14 January 2011

In the last 2 to 3 years there has been much pressure on consumers to reduce domestic water use in Perth and Sydney as well as in regional areas such as the Gold Coast, Geelong, the Eyre Peninsula and far north coast of NSW. Most of this pressure has been as a result of prolonged drought causing storages to fall to the point where restrictions have had to be implemented. A number of recommendations have been made in this report on the assumptions that the nursery industry will adopt the latter option.

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NY03011 - Segmentation Study

14 January 2011

This report addresses specific topics such as the attitudes and perceptions related to gardening, retail, media/ promotion and industry initiatives, perceptions and behaviors reflecting garden trends and the perceptions associated with water restrictions. This study reflects the impact of several changes in the marketplace since the original spring 1999 survey. The key drivers of change have been the increased distribution of the Big Box Hardware option in the last year, the impact of water restrictions, and demands on people’s time.

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NY03014 - Development of an Environmental Management System

14 January 2011

The nursery industry accreditation Scheme, Australia (NIASA) has provided a blueprint for professional management of production nurseries and growing media suppliers since 1994. Similarly the Australian Garden Centre Accreditation Scheme (AGCAS) supports professionalism of retail nursery businesses. The project was commissioned by Nursery and Garden Industry Australia (NGIA) to conduct an environment risk assessment for production nurseries and growing media suppliers, and develop an environmental management framework chapter for the NIASA Best Management Practice guidelines and AGCAS Best Management Practice Guidelines.

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NY03006 - Planning Professional Program

14 January 2011

The purpose of NGIPP is to allow the buying public, as well as the industry itself to be aware of the importance placed on having a skilled and professional workforce. It also indicated that amongst the industry workforce there are many who are dedicated to their profession and continually seek to increase their skills and capabilities. It has been recognized that this program has strong synergistic links with other industry accreditation programs.

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NY03010 - Future Development of a Garden Industry Market Monitor

14 January 2011

This proposal addresses the next stage of the GMM. It outlines how the methodology and reporting outputs have evolved over the 5 years of operations and how these changes have driven outcomes. It will also provide a rationale for how a new technology based GMM can accommodate more data contributions and deliver a combination of GMM and industry benchmark outputs.

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NY03003 - Improving Indoor Environmental Quality

14 January 2011

This report details the first experimental investigation of the real-world effectiveness of the potted-plant microcosm in reducing indoor air pollution, by substantially reducing levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Using three planting regimes with two international species, it was shown conclusively that the m9icrocosm could reduce total VOC contamination by up to 70%, in both air-conditioned and naturally ventilated offices. Associated laboratory experimentation confirmed and revealed more details of the mechanism of this adaptive, self regulatory VOC removal mechanism, which can raise rates of VOC removal in response to increasing concentrations of the contaminants. On the basis of their findings, potted plants can confidently be recommended for use as an indoor air bioremediation system, to complement, augment, or substitute for, various engineering measures to improve indoor air quality. in addition from the information here the quantities of plant material can be scaled up of down to suit any type of indoor environment to achieve combined air biofiltration and interior design purposes.

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NY02036 - Liquid Gold National Conference March 03.

13 January 2011

Run over 3 days the conference focused on the biggest issue facing out industry, ‘Water’. The conference started with a networking event followed by keynote presentations on water related issues including; Water- the big picture’; The use of water in the garden; and, Irrigation in retail and production nurseries.  Identifiable outcomes of the conference include; improved knowledge and understanding by conference participants, especially on water issues and how they will affect the nursery and garden industry; improved availability of information via conference proceedings and enhanced personal networking by conference participants, including key industry leaders such as development officers.

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NY02038 - USA Nursery Learning Tour

13 January 2011

The aim of the learning tour was to identify difference between the United States Nursery Market to that of Australia whilst determining the most beneficial information and/or technology to be acquired and implemented to improve the level of professionalism, profitability and hence viability of the Australian industry.  It is apparent from the emerging strength and influence of the chain stores within Australia that the Australian Nursery Market will need to respond similarly to that of the United States.

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NY02030 - Summer Campaign Strategy

13 January 2011

This report outlines various campaign and communication strategies.  This report looks into research finding from the target market, different market segments and campaign strategy recommendations such as radio advertising and point of sale strategies.

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NY02033 - Discovering Alternatives to Garden Escapes & Stopping the Spread of Invasive Plants

13 January 2011

The issue of ‘Garden Escapes’ also know as environmental weeds or invasive plants, is one with which the nursery industry is inexorably linked. One objective of the nursery and garden industry national strategic plan is to ensure the industry responds to community environmental concerns in relation to invasive garden plants and provide a model of such that is applicable nationally. The discovering to garden escapes and stopping the spread of invasive plants projects NY02033 has assisted with funding the project officer position to facilitate the development of the booklet ‘Grow me Instead’ – a guide for gardeners in the greater Sydney district

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NY02023 - Development of SA Nursery Industry

13 January 2011

This project has successfully promoted the benefits of industry best management practices as published in the NIASA guidelines. NIASA has been promoted through presentations to nurseries, government officers, gardening groups and students. The industry has been kept informed via nursery visits, trade day displays, seminars etc about best practices with the result being a broader and more comprehensive awareness and understanding of NIASA and its benefits with the industry.  This project has facilitated the increase in membership to NIASA in SA from 6 to 10 businesses, with a number of additional businesses working steadily towards accreditation.

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NY02024 - Audit and Gap Analysis Of Nursery Waste-Water Research And Communication

13 January 2011

Environmental issues such as wastewater management are currently on the agenda of various Australian groups and agencies. Over the past decade a range of activities has been undertaken in this area by the nursery and garden industry Australia, in association with Horticulture Australia Limited. Based on the audit findings, a series of draft recommendations were prepared, in association with reference and Advisory group members. The draft recommendations were prioritized on the basis of industry feedback, captured through a national survey.

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NY02028 - Review of Garden plants resistant to Phytophthora soil fungus in Western Australia

13 January 2011

To enable informed choice of Australian species for gardens and amenity areas in soils infested with Phytopthora cinnamomi, a summary was made of all reports of native species resistant or susceptible to the pathogen. Species were mostly those native to Western Australia. A brochure was produced that lists the resistant species while a list of the susceptible species is availed online. The degree of confidence for the designation of resistance or susceptibility is indicated. This depends on whether species have been subjected to inoculation with the pathogen under controlled glass house conditions, inoculation in the field or whether resistance or susceptibility is assumer from the survival or death of the species in areas where the pathogen is active.

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NY02010 - Identification and Analysis of Pending and Potential Environmental Legislation and other Environmental Initiatives Relevant to the Australian Nursery Industry

13 January 2011

The results of this review provide NGIA with information about the current level of environmental legislative compliance required for nursery activities at a local, state and federal scale. This guideline also provides recommendations for manager of the Nursery and Garden Industry Australia. In considering these recommendations, NGIA should also review its current approach to the promotion of good environmental performance through existing manuals and the Nursery Accreditation Scheme.

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NY02011 - Identification of the Top Ten Pest and Disease Risks for the Australian Nursery Industry

13 January 2011

The Australian nursery industry is represented by all states and territories, with the greatest volume of production and retail sales concentrated in the eastern states. The Australian nursery industry is represented by more than 10,000 businesses predominantly involving three staff or less. The Commonwealth Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry Australia in partnership with the horticultural industries, has developed the Horticulture Emergency Plan, a template to be used by individual horticultural industries in developing their own management plants for specific industry emergencies. The outcomes from this workshop with also are used for contingency planning, containing education of members of the nursery industry and the public, and identifying future research requirements.

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AH02014 - Second Stage Information Scoping Study

13 January 2011

This project has revisited and confirmed the value of improved horticultural industry statistics. In the first stage of work on Horticultural Statistics, completed in November 01, the industry feedback summarized the current situation with horticultural industry statistics as ineffective in collecting data, not accurate enough inspire confident use and not timely enough to be used in commercial decision making.  It is concluded that the provision and accuracy of data inputs will only be secure, when statistical outputs of commercial value, are made available in return to those who are providing data. On short there has to be a tangible incentive place.

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HG02020 - Combined State Nursery Conference

13 January 2011

A number of significant marketing and Research and Development outcomes can be identified as a result of the project. It is clear that State Conference with economical registration fees can attract a different range of attendees compared to National industry Conferences. This in turn ensures that industry Marketing and R&D reaches another sector of the industry.

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NY01023 - An Integrated Communication Process and Infrastructure for Red Imported Fire Ants within the Landscape Industry

13 January 2011

The Queensland landscape industry has gone through a major transformation over the past six years. In the past three years landscape industry participants are now kept up to date by receiving a bi-monthly glossy newsletter filled with the latest industry news and innovation. Meetings are held regularly and regional industry has been catered for by a series of workshops held throughout the state. Landscapers from all over Queensland attended a state conference that brought together all facets of the industry to hear what the future holds for landscaping. The website has assisted the consumer to find a landscaper; prospective members find out about joining, students learn more about a career in landscaping as well as assisting the landscape industry to purchase product, and book attendance at event on line.

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NY01026 - Scaevola and Brachyscome Flowering Pot Plants

13 January 2011

The international market for flowering pot pants is always looking for new product lines and a large number are released each and every year. For a number of years Australian native plants have been grown as container plants and flowering pot plants for the European, Asian and American markets. Scaevola and Brachyscome are two genera that have gained significant portions of these markets. A limitation to the expansion of their two plant products in the markets is the limited colors that are currently available.  Recently new color forms have been identified that could be used in breeding programs to greatly expand the color lines that could be developed for these products. Breeding programs for Scaevola and Brachyscome were designed to increase the range of colors and forms from available parent material. The reproductive and flora biology of their genera were examined to enable the reproductive barriers that currently exist to be overcome.

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NY01019 - Testing Of Air or Steam Sterilising and Pasteurising Processes and Development of Operating Procedures

13 January 2011

The purpose of this report was to test and document a standardized method of air/steam sterilization and pasteurization processes for the nursery and garden industry. The project also developed a user manual of operating procedures for the steam/air soil pasteurization and sterilization unit. The steam/air soil pasteurization and sterilization unit is now widely available and offers nurseries a reliable and cost efficient means of controlling contamination spread through soil and growing media. A more efficient insulated unit is being developed and tested and it will be available at the beginning of 2008. The result of the testing of C-Mac’s Pasteurisation Trailer gives confidence to the nursery use in the actual known performance of the equipment and the resultant product being processed. Hence, a standardisation of the pasteurization process for industry.

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NY01021 - Horticultural Agrochemical Application Diary

13 January 2011

The pesticide label is a legal document an if an activity is undertaken that is not approved on the label then that activity is deemed to be illegal. Sound record keeping will address the label directions and provide compliance. Through such actions a business will be able to avoid the loss of stock and may even reduce the overall cost of pest management. Preventative measure can be as simple as monitoring the crop for a particular pest , or the application of a cheaper protectant fungicide, or the reduction in irrigation water use, or through the modification of the environment. The NIASA ‘Best Management Practice scheme recognized a need to record pesticide applications and develop a record sheet for NIASA members to use. The sheet was developed to address a need in the NIASA scheme and NIASA included this sheet in the 2nd edition of the NIASA Best Practice Guidelines allowing industry to photocopy and store as a hard copy.

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HG01054 - Application of Knowledge and Technology

13 January 2011

A comprehensive evaluation form was given to all delegates at conference. Thirty-five responses were received. Delegates were asked to rate the value of the presentations, how relevant they were in meeting their needs and interests as well as asking for suggestions regarding future conferences. Delegates overwhelmingly indicated that the speakers and information presented was entertaining and beneficial. Overall, it was clear that the program has the right balance between social events and formal presentations and that the conference organization was considered

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NY01013 - Development of a Garden Market Monitor

13 January 2011

This project works by pooling data and processing it into outputs that profile market performance, trends and the implications for those operating in the Australian Garden Market. Data is obtained from all sectors of the industry and is provided on a regular basis or obtained through interviews. Data is also obtained from conventional sources like ABS statistics and from other Garden Industry consumer studies. The identity of organizations or individuals that provide data or data related to one individual organization is treated as strictly and confidential. The reports only ever publish market totals. Factors that affect total market are identified and tracked. The latest report tracks design trends, media, dwelling statistics, and weekend weather and water restrictions.

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AH01019 - Improved Labeling of Pesticides-Stage 2

13 January 2011

Horticulture Australia in response to grower concerns has been looking at the issue of pesticide labeling. Pesticide labels are important as they are meant to communicate, to inform users how to use pesticides safely and efficaciously. If the label is read, understood and its directions followed, the likelihood of agricultural chemicals causing unwanted effects are remote. Coherent labels are therefore fundamental part of any considered approach to pesticide management. To achieve this it is recommended that government should initiate targeted research to identify those elements on a label in need a greatest change. The results of which could be used to amend labels to ensure that pesticide users are adequately informed in a clear and unambiguous manner.

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NY00047 - The Opportunity and Need for a Nursery Export Development Officer

13 January 2011

Nursery export does not enjoy any priority as an important industry strategy. There is little vision to develop a national approach to international trade and therefore the industry has no export culture. The work of a NEDO would certainly influence a culture of export with the development of new overseas markets and opportunities. However, a more organized and committed approach to how the industry wants to do its business overseas needs to be established first, in fact, an international Market Development Program, of which a NEDO would eventually be an important part. We submit that a NEDO role is slightly premature at this time. We do strongly recommend that a NEDO or International Market Development role be reconsidered in light of the results of the ‘cross region’ project and the development of an industry Export Training Program.

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NGIWA - Water Efficiency Workshop

13 January 2011

This workshop outlines the ways which water can be used and applied efficiently with calculations and examples which will enable straightforward achievement of water efficiency.

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NY00045 - Accredited Garden Centre Display

13 January 2011

The nursery industry association of Victoria mounted a substantial AGCAS industry and community awareness display in 2001. This display presented industry with an opportunity to launch AGCAS to the gardening public. It also presented a significant opportunity for industry to communicate the aspirations and goals of Accreditation. That goal was and remains to gain widespread industry awareness and customer understanding and trust in the Scheme by enhancing the overall community perception of a professional industry it assist in raising the standard of retailing and reinforces the need for presenting a superior product in an excellent setting with quality staff in attendance.

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NY00046 - Nursery Industry Statistics Collection Project

13 January 2011

The nursery industry has not been able to confirm industry size and or growth rates. Several attempts at data collection have been made in recent years but a firm ‘point in time market size’ and or methodology to track trends has not evolved.  The implication of these trends point too movement across categories and movement between distribution channels. It is suggested there is a high value in being able to profile these trends to guide development investments, promotional activity and production volumes.

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NY00044 - Identification and Improved Propagation of Australian Native Trees for Urban Uses

13 January 2011

This report reports the finding of a three year research project undertaken to establish the practicality of budding and grafting selected superior scion wood from Eucalyptus leucoxylon on toe E leucoxylon root sticks. The report investigates difference grafting methods applied under different seasonal and environmental conditions, and recommends an appropriate methodology for successfully budding he species.  The research also investigated the intraspecific variation within E leucoxylon by collecting seed and scionwood from different populations for the budding and grafting experiments, and characterizing the horticultural traits fro seedlings grown from different seed sources. There different horticultural characteristics may be important in selecting trees for future urban use.

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NY00042 - Treenet Pilot Study

13 January 2011

TREENET surveyed five South Australian street tree growers and 33 local Governments to assess both the perceptions and practices of street tree growers and those of their major consumers, and to determine industry and consumer expectations, requirements and concerns about street trees. The Nursery Industry, as provided of millions of dollars of street tree stock annually will be able to draw on the results of this survey. By identifying customer needs and expectations and issues associated with the establishment, maintenance and performance of street trees, less stock will need to be discarded and customer needs can be anticipated and met in the long term.

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NY00043 - Nutrient Charting as a Tool for Fine-tuning Fertilizer Use in Nursery Production Systems

13 January 2011

Nutrient charting is a procedure for obtaining early warning of nutritional disorders. It is based on the interpretation of trends in key nutritional indicators in the plant of growing medium which have been measured at regular intervals during the production period. The findings suggest that the appearance of a crop and the theoretical longevity of a fertilizer are not a reliable basis for deciding when supplementary feeding is required. The results obtained from nutrient charting provided a basis for reformulating the fertiliser program. These programs are presently under evaluation.

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NY00037 - Development of Australian Nursery Strategic Plan

13 January 2011

This position paper as part of the process for updating the Nursery Industry Strategic plans. It has been compiled to identify the issues and draw out the planning implications. It is assumed that an informed audience, which will take part in the planning workshops, will use this document. This report concludes with inputs for the planning workshops. This includes the grouping of the current planning agenda into ‘must do’ and ‘can do if a return assured’ categories, and provides a set of planning recommendations and assessment tools.

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NY00035 - Quantification of the Capacity of Indoor Plants to Remove Volatile Organic Compounds under Flow through Conditions

13 January 2011

This report presents the results of a one year project examining various aspects of the capacity of potted plants to remove volatile organic compounds from indoor air. More than 350 VOCs have been detected in indoor air and it is likely that future improvements in air quality will require a range of approaches, with an increasingly important role for potted plants. In this study plants were found to remove low levels of airborne VOCs likely to occur in workplaces just as they do the higher levels. Potted plants in ventilated laboratory chambers also removed benzene, providing a bonus air cleaning effect of up to 15% over and above ventilation alone. The finding present in this report provide a wealth of evidence to promote indoor potted plants as a sustainable, flexible, portable and aesthetically attractive biofiltration system for indoor air.

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NY00032 - The Hardware Box 3 3

13 January 2011

This study was commissioned to build upon the understandings gained from the ‘Show Me the Money Study’ of spring 1999. The key issues being studied was a way of estimating the size of relevant markets and what changes are happening and their effect on the Nursery segment. This study has provided crucial consumer related data for input into the Market Intelligence System being developed for the Nursery Industry to connect customers with retailers and producers. The primary data gathered in this study have been integrated with information from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, along with layers of geographic information by the demographer’s Workshop.

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NY00030 - Technology Transfer at the Landscape Conference 2000

13 January 2011

The landscape 2000 conference was held on 16-20 October 2000. This conference was the combination of three associations. This conference aimed to share knowledge and expertise between the different industry sub sectors, further establishes working relationships and progress the Australian Landscape/ Soil erosion Industry forward to ensure the sustainability of the environment.

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NY00025 - Development of the NSW Garden Industry

13 January 2011

This final report has been written to fulfill the reporting requirements of Horticulture Australia Limited in providing information about the activities, achievement and outcomes of the project and to offer recommendations for future industry development work in the NSW and ACT nursery industry to benefit industry.  The outcomes have seen an increase in the level of professionalism and business sustainability via adoption of best practice schemes, increased compliance with government legislation, participation in learning events and the implementation of business improvement ideas.

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NY00021 - Development of Retail Garden Centres in NSW

13 January 2011

The purpose of this final report is to provide information about the outcome of the project as well as details of the benefits that have accrued to the nursery and garden industry generally as a consequence of the investment in it. The garden centre development officer project for the nursery and garden industry in NSW and ACT has resulted in greater professionalism and use f best practice, increased attendance at training event, improved industry collaboration and communication, better environmental practices and the allocation of more resources to the industry.

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NY00022 - Facilitating the Development Of Retail Garden Centres In WA

13 January 2011

The role of the Garden centre development officer was established to provide broad based marketing, merchandising and management assistance to the retail sector of the WA nursery and Garden Industry. This final report has been prepared to provide an accurate and comprehensive outline of research undertaken, strategies, methods and actions taken to meet milestone requirements, along with the outcome achieved during the term of the project.

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NY00020 - Development of Retail Garden Centres –Tasmania

13 January 2011

This report has been compiled to comment on the activities, results and achievements of approximately three years of retailed centre development within the Tasmanian Nursery and Garden Industry. The Tasmanian Garden Centre Development Officer project commenced on the 1st October 2000. The part time role of the GCDO in this project has provided opportunities for development of garden centre retailing in Tasmania, and achieved a diverse range of positive outcome for the nursery and garden industry in Tasmania. A cornerstone of the project has been the provision of assistance to retail garden centres in respect to training, support and technology transfer. This addresses a number of long standing deficiencies within the industry.

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NY00019 - Development of Retail Garden Centres in VIC

13 January 2011

The role of Garden centre Development Officer was initially developed in Victoria as part of HRDC Project NY98001. This current project grew from the work done by the Industry Development Officer – Retail, as the position was then described. It has both witnessed and prompted great change in garden centre retailing in this state. It has also served as a model for the replication of the role of GCDO in all other states of the Commonwealth. In many respects the project has filled a void in industry development that has that had existed since the inception of commercial ornamental horticulture in this country. The provision of assistance to retail garden centres in respect to training, support and Technology Transfer has been viewed as addressing a number of long-standing deficiencies within the industry.

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NY00017 - Information Needs in the Nursery Industry

13 January 2011

This report summarises the findings from qualitative and survey research among wholesale and retails nurseries and allied trades, conducted in November and December, 2000, on a national basis. The project was undertaken to understand the information needs of the industry and how information should best be provided.

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NY00018 - Potential for PCR Based Disease Diagnostic Services in the Nursery Industry

13 January 2011

Decision research was commissioned to examine the viability of a PCR based diagnostic test for Phytopthora as well as exploring the potential for tests for other relevant disease in the nursery industry. A two staged research design was adopted consisting of preliminary qualitative research comprising 3 focus groups and followed by quantitative telephone surveys with 205 Australian nursery proprietors and 20 growing media manufacturers. The findings of the research indicate that Phytopthora is considered an important disease, with serious implications but perceived susceptibility among the nursery industry is extremely low. Satisfaction with current diagnostic service providers is very high. The findings suggest limited knowledge and understanding of diagnostic techniques utilized to test for Phytopthora. The use of state-based agriculture departments in disseminating information is an important avenue for improving education and awareness.

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NY00014 - Technology Transfer New Zealand & Australian Conference 2001

13 January 2011

The attraction of the first ever joint Australian and New Zealand nursery industry conference created an atmosphere of expectation and discovery at the “Voyage of Discovery” Auckland conference, 2001. The result was extensive conference media coverage in both Australia and New Zealand. Many of the participants indicated that they would consider changing aspects of their business as a result of attending the conference.

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NY00007 - Black Root Rot Chalara - A Survey of Australian Nurseries

13 January 2011

A national survey of the Australian Nursery Industry has provided a snapshot of the effect of black root rot on the industry. Black root rot is caused by the fungus Chalara elegans. The Australian nursery industry estimated that the black root rot disease is costing the industry $425,000 per annum. The survey indicated that black root rot was most prevalent in Victoria and Queensland. It was more common on smaller, younger plants compared with older, larger plants. This disease caused more problems in nurseries during summer than at any other time of year.

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AH00022 - A Strategy for Horticulture to Best Capture, Store and Make Available Relevant Information on Environmental Management

13 January 2011

This report was commissioned to address the question: “How can horticulture best capture, store and make available relevant information on environmental management?” Based on the literature review findings, two surveys were developed; one for the supply chain members, and one for ‘other stakeholders’. The aim of the supply chain survey was to develop an understanding of environmental information needs and delivery preferences. The aims of “other stakeholders” survey were to determine information delivery preferences and to capture a snapshot of the existing stakeholder skills base with respect to environmental topics. In general the consultation findings revealed an urgent need for additional tailored, locally relevant information products. In addition, the results indicated that many industry members are struggling to cope with an existing information overload.  Considered as a whole the recommended strategy represents the most economical and efficient was to effectively meet the diverse information needs or horticulture industry members, across all commodity groups and sectors. In order to encourage the adoption of sustainable production practices, it is strongly recommended that the strategy be implemented as soon as is practicable.

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AH00012 - Improved Protein Bait Formulations for Fruit Fly Control

13 January 2011

This project was initiated to meet a recognized national need for improvements in baiting technology for controlling fruit flies. More effective, longer lasting, lower toxicity baits were required for field control in endemic areas and for eradication and suppression programs in fruit fly exclusion areas in southern Australia. The project involved collaboration between fruit fly researchers from three state departments of agriculture. USDA researchers with specialist expertise in fruit fly bait formulation were involved in a technical advisory capacity. The phytotoxicity of new and older bait formulations was evaluated in a wider range of fruit fly host crops. Although thickened baits generally outperform standard baits, they are more likely to cause damage in sensitive crops and care must be taken to avoid contact with fruit when applying bait in these crops.

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NY99045 - Analysis of Rural Leadership Courses

13 January 2011

Leadership is often discussed in terms of a person’s attitude, their ability to change, to develop a vision, having commitment, experience, being able to present arguments, and being able to gain support from the wider community. The nursery industry has identified the need for development of future industry leaders. The industry recognizes the need to develop the above characteristic in potential industry leaders through a formalized program. The project undertook to determine the leadership qualities needed within the industry and then relate this back to the courses available. Nine courses were identified. All courses except the Australian Rural Leadership Program had very similar course content and were aimed at a similar level, which are those people who are enthusiastic in their industry but need direction. It was found that the nursery industry should consider supporting a leadership course aimed at women within the industry.

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NY99046 - Interactive Effects of Mycorrhiza and Trichoderma on Plant Performance in the Nursery and Field Phase

13 January 2011

Beneficial soil bugs are destined to play an important role in nursery management systems that minimize the application of synthetic chemicals. Such microorganisms are currently not used routinely in the Australian nursery industry despite evidence of their value in combating disease and in promoting field growth. Many aspect6s of plant growth were measured including shoots and root weights, plant heights and width, stem diameter and the level of colonization of the root with mycorrhizal fungi. Each experiment included a total of 16 treatments that were replicated and randomly laid out in a way that allowed rigorous statistical examination of the data. The evident that emerged in this project supports ongoing evaluation of mycorrhizal and trichodermal technologies in the nursery industry rather than promotion for their widespread adoption.

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NY99044 - Biological Control with Trichopel

13 January 2011

A glasshouse trial was said to test the effectiveness of a commercially available formulation of the beneficial fungus Trichoderma (‘Trichopel’), against the common root disease organism, Phytopthora cinnamomi. Trichopel was tested against 3 inoculum levels of P. cinnamomi and in two growing media, with cineraria being the test plant. The effect was inconclusive because results were confounded by the fact that the viable culture of the pathogen introduced into the media could not be recovered at the end of the experiment. The reasons are not understood and future work is required which is beyond the scope of this project. The results on seedling survival may be linked to the presence of certain pathogens in the soil mix, which are known to affect seedling survival, but the cause of the negative impact of Trichopel in bark requires further investigation.

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NY99043 - Development of Retail Garden Centre’s in Queensland

13 January 2011

This report has been compiled to comment on the activities, results and achievements of three years of business and sector development within the Queensland nursery industry. The garden centre development officer has provided the dedicated support and resource tool that had been lacking as a provision for retail nurseries and garden centre’s. The position p[provided for a dynamic and challenging task of assessing the retail sector, its needs as well as options for delivery of key objectives. Aligning with the national strategic plan, the GCDO position successfully delivered business development initiatives, provided support and a tool for implementation of national programs.

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NY99038 - Nursery Supply Chain Improvement Program

13 January 2011

The purpose of this document is to outline the status of the project to improve Nursery Industry Supply Chain. The scope for benefit from e-commerce is reflected in everyday activities like internet banking. If these methods can be translated over to take out the numerous paper based transactions, the potential savings are substantial. The industry participants are going to adopt supply chain improvements at their own pace. Therefore a tiered and staged adoption, that allows all sectors and businesses to be involved, is required.  This report concludes with some quantified opportunities and a set of recommended next steps. The gains from improved freight efficiency and the electronic processing of invoices and consignment notes are estimated at $14.95million per annum. This document recommends that the next steps, which map out a 3 year program, be adopted.

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NY99042 - Nursery Computer Software Evaluation

13 January 2011

This report presents the findings from a survey of Australian nurseries concerning their use of computer software for selected business applications. The report also discusses the issues nursery managers should consider in making decisions about computer software and suppliers. Options for electronic commerce are also discussed. The project involved an analysis of the features of a small range of software programs. Programs selected for retail management and nursery production enterprises are summarized. A more detailed description of these programs including user responses and developer comments as well as thumbnail sketches of other software available to the industry which are based on information provided by software suppliers/developers is also provided.

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NY99037 - Development of Nursery into the 21st Century

13 January 2011

This area of strategy and activity generated the most interest in both the qualitative and quantitative research, although generally speaking there was little interest in the subtleties of research versus development. The comment was made many times that participants in this industry learn by example and by personal involvement. It was generally conceded that the industry was well served with written information via the Nursery Papers,  the state Association- Newsletters, industry magazines and suppliers product literature. A common comment made was that much of that material was not read, but was retained in case the need arose.

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NY99027 - Implementing NIASA in the NT

13 January 2011

NIASA in the Northern Territory has had a short life. Since its inception in 1997 there have been 3 accredited businesses and 4 in the process of accreditation. This represents approximately 10% of the Territory nursery businesses. Consistently clients have raised the need to learn more about growing media and irrigation management. It has been over 6 years since workshops for both their areas of nursery production have been held in the Northern Territory and now with the NIASA guidelines, industry has a framework to support their new learning.  Through a number of industry surveys prominent issues have been identified and link well with the main components of NIASA. This report outlines that a positive shift has been achieved with clients, which ultimately will bring about a better understanding of NIASA and its role in nursery ‘best practice’ production in the Northern Territory.

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NY99006 - Strategic Planning, Ongoing Development and Evaluation

13 January 2011

This project will result in increased skill and professional development by industry members, increase understanding of accreditation and professional best practice by industry members, better nursery and garden industry products, as perceived by customers; a continuation of national coordination and uniform delivery of the industry owned and developed NIASA scheme and a sound vehicle for the spread and adoption of new processes by the nursery industry. It is expected that the current number of NIASA businesses will increase significantly over the life of this project and that the majority of greenlife and growing media product from the allied trade will come from NIASA accredited businesses.

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NY99001 - Nursery Pesticide Application Best Practice Manual

13 January 2011

This manual is designed to assist nursery operators in identifying and understanding the range of pesticide application equipment available and the key issues related to the use of pesticides in the nursery environment to assist the nursery industry in improving the safe and effective application of pesticides this manual includes information on developing spray management plans; general information on the types of pesticides available to them and their storage, handling and disposal; understanding the risks various pesticides may present and the selection and use of personal protective equipment to manage these risks; suitable operating conditions for pesticide application and managing spray drift; the advantages and disadvantaged of various types of pesticide application equipment; the calibration of pesticide application equipment; case studies detailing examples of industry practice and critical comments and the useful contacts and reference.

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AH99003 - Improved Labeling of Pesticides to Encourage Optimum Use in Horticultural Crops

13 January 2011

The project team developed a communication strategy that would invite different levels of stakeholder involvement and enable on-going communication between stakeholders for the life of the project.  The principle stakeholders were obviously the wide range of producers in all horticultural industries. The team wanted to contact a broad sample of producers and enlisted the assistance of industry development officers, accredited chemical resellers and experienced ChemCert trainers in each state and territory. All stakeholders were informed about the proposed conduct of the project and invited to participate.

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NY98051 - Development of Nursery Industry in WA

13 January 2011

Strengths and weaknesses of the industry have been analysed in this state on numerous occasions with many of the solutions being identified via the industry Development Officer project in particular. One of the challenges is that issues which do not take priority at present may unexpectedly become high priority at short notice. Quarantine and environmental issues are just such examples. Greater networking between different industry sectors must surely being about better outcomes for all those concerned as it has done in the other hort industries.

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Roles of Industry Development

13 January 2011

The review consisted of: establishing a six person reference group representing the major stakeholders; conducting case studies in macadamias, potatoes and fresh stone fruit through semi-structured individual and group interviews with 24 people; interviewing 32 people by telephone including IDOs, Chairs and staff from grower organizations, researchers, extension officers and administrators in state departments; presenting an interim report to the HRDC Board; and writing the final report. The emerging HRDC and IDM/State-IDO system clearly fulfills the needs of both industry and government. It does so efficiently, effectively and with full support from growers. It is an innovation with substantial significance beyond horticulture, within and outside Australia.

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NY98050 - 1999 NIAN Annual Conference

13 January 2011

The Nursery Industry Association of NSW held a successful annual conference in April 1999, organize by the Northern Rivers Branch. A formal evaluation of the conference was carried out in two different ways.  The conference received a lot of praise from those who attended, especially growers. The program was oriented more towards growers than retailers, and the breadth and depth of information covered was extensive. While many of the sessions did stretch peoples’ concentration span, the information being delivered was appropriate and useful.

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NY98049 - National Nursery Export Analysis Project

13 January 2011

This report has been prepared in order to document the procedures undertaken to achieve the aims of the National Nursery Export Analysis project – and to present the finding of that report. The aims of the project were to undertake a national industry analysis to quantify success and impediments to nursery exporting. The project aimed to provide up to date industry data on nursery exporting and has a national focus. Whilst also aiming to develop a simple use guide aimed at those nursery operators with no previous export experience. The guide makes use of information gathered through the national nursery export analysis and provides step by step information on issues relevant to nursery export.  This report is a manes of making available the outcomes of the national Nursery Export Analysis project. It is presented in such a way as to respect the rights of information providers in issues where ‘commercial in confidence” has been indicated. It is requested that any public disclosure of information should be discussed with the Project Leader prior to release.

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NY98045 - First International Workshop-Weed Risk Assessment

13 January 2011

HRDC and NIAA sponsored the attendance of Dr Sarah Reichard at the 1st International Workshop on Weed Risk Assessment and the NIAA annual conference in February 1999. The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service has implemented a WRA system for screening plant imports for potential weediness, and various states are beginning to use WRA to decide on noxious weed lists. The Nursery Industry could develop its own weediness scoring system to reduce the sale of weedy plants from nurseries. Outcomes for the WRA workshop are outlines in this report.

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NY98046 - Nursery Chemical Impact Assessment

13 January 2011

This report/utility is designed to inform and educate the user by assessing the relative risks of agrochemical use on plant nurseries in Australia. It is a powerful tool for minimizing health risk to nearby urban areas and educating farm operators, consultants and planners on the considerations that must be made for safe horticulture in the twenty-first century.

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NY98043 - National Nursery Industry Training

13 January 2011

One of the biggest challenges facing the Nursery and Garden Industry is to become increasingly competent in the modern business world. The development of national industry specific training is considered essential for improving overall business performance to effectively compete with other lifestyle markets for the consumer dollar and ensuring the future viability of the Nursery and Garden Industry.  To commence a national course development a state-by-state training needs analysis should be completed. These training needs recommendations would be submitted to State Training Advisory Committees, State Executive Committees, National Training Advisory Committee and NGIA Executive Committee for consideration, comment and approval. This study found that National course development s required and should be developed by industry.  NGIA has a key role in the development and implementation of this training, prioritizing national course development and a national Training Coordinator should be appointed to facilitate these aims. The industry needs to take a proactive role in government consultation concerning industry training.

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NY98039 - 1998 WA State Conference

13 January 2011

The theme for Western Australia’s first nursery industry state Conference was Focus on the Future which, in a nutshell, covered communication, information and the transfer of technology. These were the key areas addressed in an effort to advance the level of professionalism in an industry which traditionally has been an apathetic one. The annual programme covered a wide range of business topics in the form of seminars, workshops, short courses and field days. The role of the conference is in many cases to provide an introduction to topics which may not be well understood at present, but will introduce delegates to areas of importance and, in the future, be part of the annual programme. It also provides additional exposure to topics covered at basic levels and to be carried on to higher levels for example via interstate speakers.

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NY98028 - Desk Audit of Waste Plastic

13 January 2011

The aim of this project is to determine the potential for recycling plastic in the Australian Nursery Industry. This study was based in NSW and examined production, retails, and production/retail nurseries across three geographical locations. To achieve this objective is was necessary to undertake an audit of waste plastic and its disposal. This audit was carried out via a mail questionnaire to a sample of 300 nurseries.  The economic analysis indicates that whilst the cheapest option is to send pots to landfill, the extra cost of recycling is no great, and could be covered by a small increase in plant sales. The Recycling model assumes that the customers return the used pots to the nursery and these then go to a central depot in the capital city. The consequences and importance of these options are outlined throughout this report.

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NY98031 - Optimum Work Methods in Nursery Potting

13 January 2011

This report outlines the optimum work methods which can be achieved in nursery potting. Every event needs to be observed in the context of the whole production system and development of an understanding of the relationships must be achieved. This report also further outlines the  “how to” of achieving these work methods.

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NY98027 - Transferring Research in Training

13 January 2011

The aim of this report is to understand industry needs in training and impediments to greater industry participation. Using a resource document prepared by the National Training Officer, feedback from a focus group comprising industry members, interviews with industry representatives, and results from a training audit this report recommends, implications for industry training, strategies the nursery industry can use to increase industry participation in training and strategies for clarifying the roles of NIAA, State and Nursery associations, HRDC, AHT and the National Training Officer.

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NY98025 - Towards Improving Capacity of Indoor Plants and Potting Mix Components for Indoor Air Pollution Reduction

13 January 2011

This report present the results of a two year project on the capacity of indoor pot-plant species to improve indoor air quality by removal of air-borne volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which contaminate the indoor environment. Over 300 Voc’s have been identified in indoor air, and the findings provide the first comprehensive demonstration of the ability of pot-plants to remove these contaminants, and the means by which it is achieved. The results show that it is the microorganisms of the growth medium that are the direct agents of removal. The role of the plants in this process is in developing and sustaining the relevant microbial communities round their roots; differences in response were found among the three plant species investigated. Approximately 50 species of likely potting mix microorganisms have been isolated to date. The findings allow horticulturalists no to promote with confidence the use of pot-plants to help improve indoor air quality. It is also a first step towards developing improved varieties of indoor plants with enhanced air-cleaning abilities, while continuing to beautify the environment. Recommendations for industry are offered, and further research is progress is described.

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NY98018 - 1999 National Conference, Melbourne

13 January 2011

This report outlines identifiable outcomes of the conference, including; improved knowledge and understanding by conference participants, improved availability of information via conference proceedings, enhanced personal networking by conference participants, including R&D people and improved State and National NIDO communication and coordination.

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NY98015 - Demonstration of Water Management Best Practice in Retail Nurseries

13 January 2011

This project was set up to demonstrate the use of best irrigation practice on co-operating retail nurseries in Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne and Perth and to extend the information generated at these nurseries to the retail industry through field days, publications and allied associations. Although some nurseries saw benefit in the system in water and labour savings, this project illustrated that there is a totally different attitude to plants and water use by retail and production nurseries.

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NY98013 - National Nursery Industry Development Manager

13 January 2011

The Australian Nursery and Garden Industry is characterized by having many small businesses each carrying out vastly different activities and processes. There are at least 10000 different varieties of ornamental plants in the trade, each of which can be sold at different sizes through different marketing channels and grown via remarkably different production methods. This report details the ‘facts and figures’ of the work carried out by the Industry Development Manager between 11 December 2000 and 23 October 2003. It also provides discussion and recommendations for continuing the professional development of the nursery and garden industry.

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NY98008 - Constructed Wetlands to Reduce Nutrient and Pathogen Loads in Recycled Nursery Water

13 January 2011

A PhD study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of subsurface-flow reed beds in removing Nitrate and Phosphate from nursery runoff and suppressing Phytopthora cinnamomi. A separate study was also conducted to evaluate the contribution by reeds in the Nitrogen and Phosphorus removal processes.  Phytopthora cinnamomi, which was detected in runoff from commercial nurseries failed to survive continuous inoculation of reed beds. The ability of constructed wetlands to suppress plant pathogens has never previously been reported. Further research is required on the performance of a commercial reed bed to validate the experimental results and to enhance the commercial adoption of this technology. The long-term performance of wetlands is important and additional experiments are required to examine the sustainability of the nutrient removal processes.

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NY97016/NY98007 - Queensland Nursery Industry Development Officer

13 January 2011

This project has clearly demonstrated that industry will embrace and utilize a dedicated position servicing their industry. NIDO projects are seen by industry as a position that is focused on their cropping system and in contact with the real issues as they see them. The NIDO project is further enhanced when industry ‘owns’ the position which allows a free flow of communication and increased adoption of relevant industry R&D outcomes.  The appointment of a NIDO addressed the overall issue of technology transfer. It provided a continuing focal point for the industry with regards to existing R&D and ongoing activities.

 

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NY98001 - Victorian Nursery Industry Development Officer

13 January 2011

The Victorian Nursery Industry Development Officer Project has been an integral part of the development of the Nursery industry and the position of the NIDO has been widely accepted and appreciated by the industry. Continued and strong growth in the industry has been supported and assisted by this position. The outcomes resulting from this project are an overall increasing in the number of accredited businesses since the start of the project, promotion of the three ‘Accreditation’ schemes in Victoria and Australia, overall increase in the number of training and educational events and people attending these events, increasing in the quantity of materials and articles published on the ‘production’ nursery industry Victoria, continuation of interaction between Nursery and Garden Industry Victoria and other organizations that have an involvement in the nursery industry, and an improvement in the way a nursery business operates from a business, environmental, productivity and profitability point-of-view.

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NY98006 - SA Nursery Industry Development Officer

13 January 2011

The South Australian Nursery Industry Development Officer projects was developed to continue and extend the implementation of the Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme in South Australia, to further encourage the adoption of industry best practice by the South Australian nursery production sector, and to develop a formal program for industry training. The SA NIDO was employed part time by the South Australian research and development Institute with funds from the nursery and Garden Industry South Australia Inc, the national nursery industry pot levy and Horticulture Australia LTD. The SA NIDO has worked as part of the national nursery IDO network and in collaboration with the recently appointed SA Garden Centre Development officer. This project has spanned a period of considerable change for NGISA. The project was prematurely terminated due to funding and administrative constraints on NGISA following a period of Association restructure.

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NY97048 - NSW Nursery Industry Development Officer

13 January 2011

The industry development officer project for the NSW Nursery Industry has resulted in greater professionalism and use of best practice, increased attendance at training events, improved industry collaboration and communication, better environmental practices and the allocation of more resources to the industry. Industry development officer projects can significantly help the adoption of new and improved technology and/or management practices and provide a practical way to co-ordinate better with government, community and private organizations, resulting in a more professional, profitable and responsible industry.

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NY97046 - Plant-Available Silicon (Si) as a Protectant against Fungal Diseases in Soil-Less Potting Media

13 January 2011

This report contains the findings of a two year research project, which formulated potting mixes to provide a natural source of ‘plant-available’ Silicon, as monosilicic acid, by adding rice hull ash or, an inorganic silicate. The mixes were used to measure plant growth and accumulation of Silicon in the plants and to examine the protection of plats against fungal pathogens afforded by monosilicic acid added to mixes. A range of substrates commonly used in potting mixes was analyzed for monosilicic acid and total soluble silicon content.

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NY97042 - Technology Transfer at NIAA

13 January 2011

Under the heading “communication and Technology Transfer” the  nursery Industry 5 year R&D Plan says; ‘improved profitability, in part, depends on access to appropriate information..With the rapidly expanding volume of information and new delivery methods, industry participants need simple access to relevant information. Identifiable outcomes of the conference include; improved knowledge and understanding by conference participants, improved availability of information via conference proceedings, enhanced personal networking by conference participants, including R&D people, improved State and National NIDO communication and coordination.

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NY97040 - Evaluation of Irrigation Sprinklers for the Nursery Industry

13 January 2011

This report provides a model for how a range of equipment from different manufacturers can be tested and assessed to see if the equipment meets industry selection criteria. The methodology used in this project could be applied to other equipment for the nursery industry or for assessing a wide range of irrigation equipment, from pumps to filters, valves and drippers. The results indicated that all of the sprinklers tested could be used, provided they were installed in a system at appropriate spacing, with the correct nozzles installed and operated at the correct pressure. The results also underline the importance of operating sprinkler systems at the correct pressure for the particular sprinkler and nozzle combination in the system. This report provides a model for how a range of equipment from different manufacturers can be tested and assessed to see if the equipment meets industry selection criteria.

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NY97030 - Nursery Industry Market Research Audit

13 January 2011

This project was undertaken as to date a number of market research studies have been done on behalf of the industry by either the Nursery Industry Marketing forum or the industry’s Research and Development Committee. While each of these studies is valuable in its own right they were not part of a coordinated and planned approach to the industry’s market research.  Richard Strategic Service was commissioned to undertake the review and develop the market research plan recommendations.

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NY97024 - Management of Elm Pests and Diseases in Australia

13 January 2011

The purpose of research reported here was the protection of ornamental elm trees in Australia from major pest and disease threats, particularly elm leaf beetle and Dutch elm disease. This involved the development and extension of an integrated pest management program for elm leaf beetle incorporating biological and chemical controls and the development of a detailed Dutch elm disease contingency plan for Australia.

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NY97014 - Benchmarking for Retail & Wholesale Nurseries

13 January 2011

This project set out to identify the current cost structures, profitability and personnel productivity levels in the ‘retailing’ and for the ‘wholesale’ segments of the industry. This information can then be applied within an individual business to help improve its profitability by changing work practices or other aspects of a firms operation.  The initial literature search reveled no Australian-based financial studies available to show business operators target levels for certain key performance indicators.

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NY97011 - Technology Transfer of Integrated Control of Downey Mildew

13 January 2011

Downy mildew is a major disease of seedlings in nurseries, especially of pansy, brassicas, stock, alyssum, lettuce and poppy and of the shrubs, hebes and roses. Integrated management strategies, including fungicide treatments, were developed through two recently completed Horticultural Research and Development Projects. The aim of the work reported here was to facilitate the adoption of the research by the nursery industry through a series of seminars, workshops, conferences, nursery visits and various published media. It was found the incidence of downy mildew was high on Brassica seedlings in one nursery during 1995, prior to adoption of the integrated management strategies, but after adoption of these strategies in 1996 was reduced by up to 100%.

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NY97009 - Nursery Industry Technology Transfer Workshops

13 January 2011

The aim of this project was to provide workshop/seminars for the nursery industry in Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane. Speakers provided information on recent technology relevant to the nursery industry in Australia, USA and Europe. The workshops were organized one week prior to the Symposium on Biotechnology of Tropical and Subtropical species in Brisbane. This enables the organizers to invite Professor Debergh and Read, who were attending the Symposium, to be keynote speakers at the three nursery workshops. The workshops were all very successful and the organizers received much feedback.

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NY97004 - Nursery Environmental Self Audit

13 January 2011

The Nursery Environmental Self Audit project and its outcomes are a Nursery Industry Association of Australia initiative designed to assist individual businesses to assess their environmental performance. The network of Nursery Industry Development Officers will be able to assist in the evaluation process and use of this report; in particular the audit document itself will be closely monitored by NIAA.  The purpose in doing this is to try to create an awareness of nursery operators’ obligations under various legislations, but more importantly to motivate them to identify environmental problem areas and embark on a process of gradual improvement.

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NY96015 - Detection and Characterisation of Orchid Fleck Virus

13 January 2011

The main objective of this project was o develop a nucleic acid based diagnostic system for orchid fleck virus (OFV). OFV is one of three commonly found viruses infecting orchids. Diagnosis of virus diseases are commonly conducted by immunological tests but this method is not available for use with OFV because OFV has a very unstable virion. A RT-PCR test was developed that reliably detects OFV specifically in fresh or frozen leaf tissue. The RT-PCR test can now be utilized by orchid growers and nurseries through the appropriate testing agencies.

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NY602/NY96002 - Accreditation Scheme

13 January 2011

This report outlines the minutes form annual meetings and associated training events which have been toe core of the success of the scheme nationally. Without the opportunity of the NIASA technical officers to get together to discuss issues and resolve problems the scheme would have come of the rails long ago. In addition these annual meeting have allowed the TOD to interact with the national Accreditation Committee (NAC) both formally and informally. The formal interaction has allowed the NAC to make use of the wide range of experience and expertise amongst the TOG in decision making. The informal interaction assists in the building of trust and effective networking.

 

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HG96016 - Research into Control of Silverleaf Whitefly

13 January 2011

The key elements of the research were to determine the distribution and diversity of parasitoids of Bemisia tabaci already in Australia, to determine whether these parasitoids have the potential to control SLW, to produce user friendly keys with which to enable field researchers to identify SLW and to determine the biology of SLW and whether it can interbreed with the indigenous biotype of B.tabaci. The comparison of the biology of indigenous B.tabaci in Australia demonstrated that the Western Australian population was biologically and genetically distinct from the Eastern Australian population. This report attempts to explain why SLW has failed to become a serious problem in the cotton growing regions of NSW and QLD.

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NY97023 - Evaluate & Extend Nursery Irrigation, Drainage & Recycling Practices Set Out In WaterWork Program

13 January 2011

This project was set up to develop a training manual and conduct train the trainer workshops to provide each state with a trained WaterWork presenter, to develop a distance education workshop package and to evaluate workshop outcomes and adoption of better irrigation, drainage and recycling practices. The feedback from the evaluation survey indicates that many have changed their irrigation layouts, sprinklers and systems. This is generally producing more even plant growth, reducing ‘thowaways’, using less water and fertiliser and improving the bottom line by improving plant quality and reducing production costs. Many nurseries are now reusing and recycling irrigation and storm water runoff. Adoption of this technology is difficult and expensive in existing nurseries. Most nurseries are taking the opportunity to install there systems when they are expanding or re-developing their site of building a new nursery.

 

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NY540/NY95040 - Transfer & Adoption of Technology for NIAWA

13 January 2011

The current priority is to promote both retail and production accreditation at the national level, because both schemes drive each other. In Western Australia, accreditation of production nurseries numerically lags behind retail accreditation although it is running as a higher standard. We hope ultimately that retail accredited nurseries will buy the majority of their plant material from accredited production nurseries. The future high priority will probably be the current priority with the additional emphasis on providing a safe workplace and environmental awareness.

 

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NY525/NY95025 - Improved Irrigation Fertiliser Management Strategies for Containerised Nursery Plants through Commercial Demonstrations and Further Research

13 January 2011

This project consisted of several components conducted on the Far North Coast of NSW under Dr Huett’s supervision and in the Sydney metropolitan area by Dr Cresswell. The Sydney component also involved herbicide runoff studies. Major components of the project were demonstration of efficient management practices designed to reduce nutrient runoff and there were conducted on commercial nurseries. It was found the nurseries, particularly where plants are produced under cover, should consider capillary systems as alternatives to overhead irrigation. These systems when combined with a more stable nutrient supply offer substantial plant growth response.

 

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NY518/NY95018 - NIDO at National Level

13 January 2011

The original aims of the National NIDO project, approved in early 1995 were to provide a professional and cost effective technology transfer service to the nursery industry in line with the 5 year R&D plans strategies and to manage the technical aspects of the industries quality management scheme, NIASA and increase the level of awareness about the benefits of QM to the industry, Using tools like NIASA, WaterWork workshops and similar training and information programs, the Industry Development Officers are actively promoting the introduction of new principles and technologies to guide the industry profitably and efficiently into the new millennium. Their objective, however, can only be met when they are whole heartedly supported by the members of the industry.

 

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NY95005 - Improved Transfer & Adoption of Technology for the VIC

13 January 2011

This report describes the process of industry development and Technology transfer for the Nursery Industry in Victoria – with links to the operations in other states, plus the key outcomes and recommendations for further development. The main objectives were to implement a nursery improvement program, ensure nursery excellence, and to provide technology transfer and training. Within the context of these objectives and a review process via an industry based Technical and Accreditation Management Committee and active delivery program was established. This program and associated topics was strongly linked to the NIAV strategic plans; the NIAA R&D strategic plan and the HRDC business plans. This project has influence positively the development of the nursery industry in Victoria.

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NY95004 - Implementation of a Nursery

13 January 2011

This report outlines the need to improve professionalism and production standards and provided a positive response to the introduction and implementation of NIASA. The importance of good nursery hygiene, monitoring and record keeping especially related to pest, disease and weed management has been emphasized as a basis for business improvement. The benefits of staff involvement in implementing NIASA on site have been stressed. As a result of this project, workshop attendance has increased and the number of nurseries seeking the advice of the NIASA technical officer and information on the applicability of NIASA to their enterprise has steadily increased. The NIASA scheme has been promoted to nurseries servicing the citrus, olive, vegetable and viticulture industries in SA.

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NT95003 - Irrigation, Nutrition and Disease Management Strategies

13 January 2011

In this project a preliminary survey was conducted for the main type of walnut diseases in Tasmania. Preliminary investigations were conducted to assist in evaluating current and potential control treatments. The information was extended by a series of articles in the grower magazine. As the industry continues to expand towards its production goals and reach an economic critical mass significant challenge to the industry lie ahead. Further extension of information to growers needs to be carried out in order to maximize benefits from this research and development project to date. It is recommended that Webster walnuts continue to conduct an ongoing extension program and appoint necessary resources to facilitate further information transfer.

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NYN8047 - An Analysis of Hazardous Plants in the Australian Nursery Industry

13 January 2011

Hazardous plant may pose a genuine health and safety issue for workers in the horticultural industry and clients who purchase such plants. Consequently, there could be a potential legal and ethical issue associated with the production and sale of hazardous plants. The Australian Nursery Industry has no formal information to show whether there is a problem or, if a problem exists, the nature of it, how many people may be affected and how many plants are involved. The aims of this study were to research the existence of any hazardous Plant Policies throughout the world., to determine and document the size and nature of the problem in Australia of the production and sale of hazardous plant by the nursery industry and to provide information so that the nursery industry peak body can ascertain the need for a policy relating to such plants.

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NY542 - Development of Profiles for Sectors

13 January 2011

This report present the findings from a survey of selected Australian production nurseries carried out during October to December 1995. The project was undertaken by Burnley College of the Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Horticulture, University of Melbourne, in conjunction with Dr. Robin Brumfield of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. The Aim of the project was to assess the current state of the production nursery sector in relation to aspects of nursery management and performance. Some United States benchmarks were drawn upon from this exercise. Twenty-two nurseries from northern NSW, QLD, Tasmania and Victoria participated in the study. Data was collected from four categories of nurseries; bedding plants, potted color lines, general container lines and other lines i.e. nurseries that did not fall into the other three categories.

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NY541 - Management Committee and Technical Officers Group Conference

13 January 2011

The National Accreditation Committee (NAC) visited Redlands Greenhouses P/L to examine the operations of the nursery and discuss the impacts and benefits of becoming accredited. The NAC then heard a presentation on the implementation and role of the ISO9002 system at Birkdale Nurseries. The NAC also had informal discussions with the Queensland Accreditation Committee. Work plans were written to develop improvements to the NIASA Technical Guidelines in the areas of record keeping, compulsory staff training, standardisation of disinfestations procedures, media accreditation and checklist detail. Discussion on the importance of communication led to the decision to start a regular newsletter.

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NY531 - Survey of Nursery Needs

13 January 2011

The Australian Nursery Industry Research and Development Plan 1990 – 1995 identifies nine key R&D programs in two broad areas; market research and technology. In technology area, technology transfer is given the highest priority. In April 1995 the Nursery R&D committee considered a range of applications seeking support from levy funds in the area of information and technology transfer. A number of these proposals were based on assumptions regarding the information needs of the industry and the nature of current information exchange between industry participants. This report contains results of a random survey of industry participants, both retail and wholesale, on a wide range of information and communication issues. The report also contains some interpretation, analysis and recommendations.

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NY521 - Further Releases of the Palm Leaf Beetle Parasite and Assessment of Present Distribution

13 January 2011

This project was undertaken to extend the range of release sites for the biological control of the palm leaf beetle (PLB) and to assess its establishment and benefit to northern Australian ornamental and native plants. It was established in March 1998 that PLD was restricted to far north Queensland. Using Climex Program and modified weather data from Mareeba, a distribution map was produced that predicts PLB would survive the length of the Queensland coast and into the coastal areas of northern NSW. This prediction mirrors climate data for Noumea where the pest exists.

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NY520 - Implementation of quality management in Lord Howe Island Kentia Palm Nursery

13 January 2011

Kentia palms have been cultivated over a hundred years as indoor potted plants and ornamental outdoor plants in frost free areas. They have gained an exceptional reputation as an indoor plant in Europe and North America. The Scarcity of seed for propagation and the palm’s qualities as an indoor plant has made the palm extremely valuable and highly sought after. A major export industry has developed around the sale of seed to Europe and North America. More recently a valuable market has developed for exporting germinated palm seedlings which is a major value added product. The aim of this project was to introduce a quality management system to the level of the international Standard (ISO90000) into the Nursery. The report was presented to the Lord Howe Island Board in a management review and discussions as to the contents and future implementation confirmed.

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NY427 - Nursery Export Markets in Asia

13 January 2011

The Tasmanian nursery growers Export Group is a network formed in may 1994 to research and develop export markets for nursery products. A preliminary survey of Asian nursery markets indicated that a demand for imported plants existed, but did not provide detailed information on desirable plants or market specifications. Consequently, representatives of the group visited Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore in May 1995 to follow the market trail from airport quarantine inspection to retail nursery.

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NY418 & NY225 – Pollution

13 January 2011

While building designers, owners and managers would agree that indoor plants and interior landscaping contribute to environmental quality, there has been relatively little scientific research carried out on either people/plant relationships, or the effects on the plants themselves of life in the indoor environment. This current study aims to investigate the stress responses of selected indoor plant varieties induced by standard air conditioned office environments, and hence to assess he feasibility of deriving a stress tolerance index for the species examined.

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NY403 - Increased Productivity in Nursery Dispatch

13 January 2011

This research project defined the basic requirement for the national trolley interchange system, defined standard sizes for production nursery pots, established the effect of nursery layouts on labour cots and identified the major limitation to the efficient operation of plant dispatch within the Australian nursery industry, and made positive steps to rectify the situation in several areas. The investigation of dispatch revealed that considerable productivity improvements can be achieved in dispatch operations. These are based primarily on improvements to work practices and planning, rather than attempting to make staff work faster in an inefficient system. The results of the project can be quickly and efficiently adopted by the industry if appropriate techniques and procedures are demonstrated to the industry members by selecting an existing nursery to act as a real life example.

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NY320 - Development of Recycled Water Systems for Australian Nurseries

13 January 2011

The review of the literature shows that most of the important issues relating to recycling water in nurseries both overseas and in Australia are poorly studied. In particular, there is little published data on treatment of run-off water prior to recycling to optimize fertilizer programs, to minimize salinity, and to minimize the risk of disease transmission via irrigation water. Chlorination is currently the main method of water disinfection both in Australia and overseas. Ultraviolet irradiation, bromination, ozonation, microfiltration and chlorine dioxide are lesser used methods. Information is not available on the dosages of these treatments required to control water borne plant pathogens. An important feature shown in this present study is that it is vital that nurseries and flower farms do a complete analysis of water quality before choosing a water disinfestation strategy.

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NY237 - National Workshop on Nursery Runoff and Water Quality

13 January 2011

The Australian nursery industry enjoys a well deserved reputation as an environmentally responsible and concerned business. The industry plays an important role in developing and supporting community awareness and involvement in improvement of the environment. The two day workshop was attended by representatives of industry from each state, researchers’ with experience in the area, the Industry Development Officer and HRDC. The Environmental Protection Agency and the NSW Water Board have presentations on legislative issues and the cotton industry provided an overview of it experience with a similar process. This report on the outcomes of the workshop should be seen as the first step in a continuing process of discussion, consultation and review.

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NY238 - Overseas Study Tour

13 January 2011

The ensuing report is the most comprehensive treatise on the status of and future for integrated pest management (IPM) in Australia ornamentals yet produced and will stand as a valuable reference on this subject for many years. In it Dr Gough acknowledges the need for Australia to follow the overseas trend away from chemical control and towards the use of natural enemies in ornamentals. This trend is being forced onto the nursery industry by a number of factors including increasing resistance to pesticides, environmental concerns in this public image conscious industry, decreasing availability of new pesticides, increasing consumer demand for pesticide free produce, encroachment of suburbia on nursery production areas and the cost effectiveness of biological control agents compared with chemicals.

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NY234 - Control of Legionella Spp Particularly Legionella Longbeachae in Potting Mixes

13 January 2011

Legionella longbeachae serogroup 1 is one of the 16 species of Legionella that cause infection in humans. L. longbeachae infection is not limited to gardeners but they have a much higher incidence of infection than non-gardeners. This study did provide much information about the ecology of legionellas in composed materials and will allow compost users and the Nursery industry to make informed decisions about potting mixes and other marketed products found to contain legionellas.

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NY230 - Year round production of flowering daisies

13 January 2011

There is an expanding demand for flowering pot plants on both the domestic and international markets. A limited range of exotic species such as Chrysanthemum currently fill the demand worldwide. The most successful potted species can be manipulated to grow and flower all year round by using photoperiod and temperature controls. This project has successfully identified species of native daisies which have the potential as flowering potted plants and shown that many of these can by manipulated to flower out-of-season by manipulating day length and temperature.

 

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NY212 - The Incidence of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus in Australian Nursery Crops

13 January 2011

The aims of this project were to assess diagnostic tests for the detection of Australian isolates of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and the impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV), to survey the ornamentals industry to determine the incidence of TSWV and INSV; to trap and identify thrips species in order to determine which TSWV and INSV vectors are present in Australia; and to assess the likelihood of these becoming a problem to the Australian ornamentals industry.

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NY134 - Study Tour

13 January 2011

This report is the result of a study tour in July 1991. This report reviews biological control/IPM of major glasshouse pests in Europe and North America and discusses the prospects for their control in Australia, It does not deal with plant pathogens and concerns only protected crops IPM in ornamentals is not as well established as IPM in glasshouse vegetables, and so one must be careful in drawing conclusions. However it is clear that the trend away from chemical control is irreversible and that much research overseas is being directed to the use of natural enemies in ornamentals.

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NY118 - Clonal Propagation from Difficult Cuttings of Ornamental Plants by Dynamic Pulse Propagation

13 January 2011

Hydropropagation “dynamic Pulse” is the propagation of cuttings in a recycling solution. The cuttings are supported in channels by polypropylene beads. The recycling solution temperature can be heated for optimal rooting response. The hydropropagation system works excellently for some crops but the total failure to produce roots in other crops indicates that further research and development is needed before this method could be used universally for all crops.

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NY114 - Western NSW Flora as Flowering Pot Plants

13 January 2011

This objective of this project was to screen plants from Western NSW to identify those suitable as indoor flowering potted plants and to commence commercial development of those plants. A large collection from the wild had previously been made and this was added to during the course of the project. About 80 of these showed particular promise and were selected for further development and horticultural evaluation. In addition improved methods of propagation and culture were developed. A plant improvement program, utilizing collect material has also been commenced

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NY112 - The Development of Australian Acacias for Flowering Pot Plant Production

13 January 2011

The aim of the research was to develop methods for the production of flowering pot plants of Acacia. The results show that this was a realistic aim and that flowering plants of some species could be placed on the market within one year from seed. The project was funded for only two of the three years requested and the final year was to be spent refining the commercial protocol from seed to consumer. In the absence of funding this was not done and definite recommendations to the industry on the adoption protocol could not be made.

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NY101 - The Nurseryman’s Guide to Water Recycling

13 January 2011

The Australian nursery industry is sponsoring work to look into industry’s contribution to the pollution of waterways and how this can be reduced and in the long term eliminated. Overseas the agricultural industries have been forced to recycle their water.  This is gradually happening here in Australia. It is important that the industry moves towards this goal before it is forced upon them and that is it able to demonstrate that it is concerned and active towards reducing its pollution. It also allows the industry to contribute informatively to the bodies drawing up such legislation. This paper is designed to give industry members who are considering recycling their water examples of systems other industry members are using and their experiences, whilst also including example of nurseries recycling water from NSW, Vic and QLD.

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NY023 - Role of temperature in maintaining plant quality during interstate road transport

13 January 2011

This research paper aims outline the role of temperature in maintaining plant quality during interstate road transport. At present potted plants are transported within Australia without environmental control in the pantechnicons. No data was available to the Nursery Industry or the transport companies concerning temperatures experienced within neither the commercial loads nor the effects of temperature on plant quality. Furthermore, no recommendations were available concerning optimum temperature conditions for road transport within Australia. The research aimed to achieve these objectives.

 

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NY022 - Nursery Market Research

13 January 2011

This research paper covered a number of issues and all relevant target groups. A range of research techniques were used drawing from qualitative and quantitative methods, to effectively deal with diverse issues. The study was designed to serve as a benchmark o assist the NIAA , the HRDC and AHC in developing appropriate marketing strategies for the nursery industry.

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NY013 - Improved Nitrogen Management of Container Plants Grown In Media Containing Woodwaste

13 January 2011

There is an increasing trend in the nursery industry towards the manufacture and use of potting media containing high proportions of wood wastes. A major problem confronting nursery producers using media made from composted wood wastes is the variability in nitrogen drawdown, and the consequent variability in nitrogen requirements for optimum growth in such media. The report covers the following objectives. To survey grower practice and documents the physical and chemical properties of potting media components available or in use in QLD, development of an ND test for characterizing media with severe nitrogen drawdown, determining whether nitrogen test strips can be used by nursery operators to identify the NDI of media at the nursery site, and to determine recommendations for nitrogen fertilization using slow release and liquid fee formulations based on the NDI of the medium.

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NY009 - Selection and Trialing of Eastern Australian Native Plants as Bedding Plants

13 January 2011

This report outlines the objectives and results achieved from the screening of as many Eastern states annual and short lived perennial species in order to find any that show potential as bedding plants. Further work was also carried out on the selected lines to provide guidelines for their growth and production. Hybridization work was initiated to try to create new lines that can be covered by PVR.

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NY007 - Biological Control of Root Rot in Horticulture

13 January 2011

A recently discovered microorganism termed sterile red fungus (SRF) has shown good potential to provide growth promotion and to reduce fungal root rotting pathogen SRF has shown a wide host range, colonizing the roots of monocots and dicots, annuals and perennials, Thus, SRF may be a useful biological tool for growth promotion in horticulture. The benefits would be increased productivity associated with enhanced propagation and growth. Second characteristic is the possible role SRF can play as a biological control agent for some diseases in horticulture. SRF is sterile, hence cannot be taxonomically identified. By virtue of the presence of clamp connections, it is believed to belong to the class Basidiomycetes. Basidiomycetes are a higher class of fungi and include most of the edible mushrooms. They commonly form symbiotic associations with plants. Some investigations reported in the March to June period were already initiated before the new personnel arrival and hence there was a changeover period.

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NY006 - Improved Strains for Integrated Mite Control

13 January 2011

The predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis has been used extensively overseas and in Australia as a major component in integrated pest mite control (IMC) programs, targeted primarily are twospotted mite, Tetranychus urticae, a major horticultural pest. Two identified limits to further the success of IMC were the limited tolerance of P. persimilis to pesticides; in particular organophosphates and synthetic pyrethoids, and poor performance under high temperature and lower humidity conditions often experienced in Australian productions houses. The aims of the project were to survey and select field strains of P. persimilis on the basis of their tolerance to the organophosphate dimethoate and high temperatures (>39⁰C and <80% RH). Whilst not developing more tolerant strains with high efficacy, the investigations provided useful information to improve effectiveness of P. persimilis in the field and will assist in quality assurance of other mass-reared beneficial arthropods.

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NY005 - Investigation of Autotrophic Micropopagation to Enhance Product

13 January 2011

Phytotech Australia Pty Ltd has investigated micropropogation environmental conditions in a range of commercially produced crops. Results indicate that the standard conditions used for micropropogation are far from optimal for many crops. Much work has been done in modifying the environment by use of gas permeable membranes, different light and sugar levels and increasing CO2 concentrations. Autotrphic micropropogation is found to be viable production method for the commercial laboratory. However, considerable investigation is still required to fully understand various aspects of heterotrophic growth and the essential procedure to enable the switch from heterotrophic to autotrophic growth.

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